Elberfeld is a municipal subdivision of the German city of Wuppertal; it was an independent town until 1929.

Coat of arms
The suspension railway of Elberfeld was built over the river in order to keep the streets unobstructed.
Elberfeld ca. 1899
Bond of the former town Elberfeld, issued 1. March 1922

History edit

The first official mentioning of the geographic area on the banks of today's Wupper River as "elverfelde" was in a document of 1161. Etymologically, elver is derived from the old Low German word for "river." (See etymology of the name of the German Elbe River; cf. North Germanic älv.) Therefore, the original meaning of "elverfelde" can be understood as "field on the river." Elverfelde received its town charter in 1610.

In 1726, Elias Eller and a pastor, Daniel Schleyermacher, founded a Philadelphian Society. They later moved to Ronsdorf in the Duchy of Berg, becoming the Zionites, a fringe sect.

In 1826 Friedrich Harkort, a famous German industrialist and politician, had a type of suspension railway built as a trial and ran it on the grounds of what is today the tax office at Elberfeld. In fact the railway, the Schwebebahn Wuppertal, was eventually built between Oberbarmen and Vohwinkel and runs through Elberfeld.

In 1888 the district of Sonnborn was incorporated into Elberfeld. In 1929 the towns of Barmen, Elberfeld, Vohwinkel, Cronenberg and Ronsdorf became a municipal entity officially called "Barmen-Elberfeld;" in the same year, the unified city administration through a vote of its council members decided to rename the newly incorporated city "Wuppertal." This took place in 1930. Today Elberfeld is the largest municipal subdivision of Wuppertal.

Notable people edit

See also edit

51°16′N 7°08′E / 51.267°N 7.133°E / 51.267; 7.133

References edit

  1. ^ "Beiträge zur Geschichte und Heimatkunde des Wuppertals, Volumes 12-18" (in German). 1966. Retrieved 30 November 2015.