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El Kala (Arabic: القالة‎, French: formerly La Calle, Latin Thinisa in Numidia) is a seaport of Algeria, in El Tarf Province, 56 miles (90 km) by rail east of Annaba and 10 miles (16 km) west of the Tunisian frontier. It is the centre of the Algerian and Tunisian coral fisheries and has an extensive industry in the curing of sardines. The harbor is small and exposed to the northeast and west winds.

El Kala

القالة

La Calle
The old fishing harbor at El Kala facing the decommissioned Saint Cyprien Church
The old fishing harbor at El Kala facing the decommissioned Saint Cyprien Church
Cap Rosa Lighthouse
GM Parc national El Kala01.jpg
El Kala is located in Algeria
El Kala
Algeria
LocationCap Rosa
El Kala
Algeria
Coordinates36°56′47.27″N 8°14′12.53″E / 36.9464639°N 8.2368139°E / 36.9464639; 8.2368139
Year first constructed1906[1]
Foundationconcrete base
Constructionconcrete tower
Tower shapecylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / patternwhite tower, black lantern
Tower height15.30 metres (50.2 ft)[1]
Focal height132.30 metres (434.1 ft)[1]
Light sourcemain power
Range19 nautical miles (35 km; 22 mi)[1]
CharacteristicFl (2) W 6s.[2]
Admiralty numberE6484
NGA number22168
ARLHS numberALG-015[3]
Managing agentOffice Nationale de Signalisation Maritime

El Kala attracts tourists from within and outside the country, especially during the summer. It is home to an exceptional ecosystem and was declared a biosphere reserve by UNESCO in 1990.[4]

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Ruins from Bastion de France. A popularly frequented beach adjacent to the ruins of the bastion is named "La Vielle Calle."

Thinisa in Numidia was an Ancient city in the Roman province of Numidia. It was important enough to become a bishopric. The old fortified town was built on a rocky peninsula about 400 metres long, connected with the mainland by a sand bank.

French and Italian coral fishing companies were interested in the area from as early as 1553. A trade bastion called "Bastion de France" by its Corsican founders was established during that period principally for the exploitation of red coral and also to facilitate trade between southern France and that part of northern Algeria. The bastion was shut down and returned to the rule of the Bey of Constantine in 1816.

After the occupation of La Calle by the French in 1836, a new town was built up along the coast.

Titular see of Thinisa in NumidiaEdit

In 1933, the Ancient diocese of Thinisa in Numidia was nominally restored as a Catholic titular see of the lowest (episcopal) rank.

 
The old fishing harbor of El Kala by night. A trade-oriented harbor is under construction in the western side of town.

Coordinates: 36°54′N 8°27′E / 36.900°N 8.450°E / 36.900; 8.450

It has had the following incumbents:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Cap Rosa". Office Nationale de Signalisation Maritime. Ministere des Travaux Publics. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  2. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 113: The West Coasts of Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Azovskoye More (Sea of Azov) (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2015.
  3. ^ "Eastern Algeria". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  4. ^ http://www.unesco.org/new/en/natural-sciences/environment/ecological-sciences/biosphere-reserves/africa/algeria/el-kala/

SourcesEdit

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "La Calle" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 36.

External linksEdit