Condado (Santurce)

  (Redirected from El Condado)

Condado is an oceanfront, tree-lined, pedestrian-oriented upper middle to upper class community in Santurce. It is one of the forty subbarrios of Santurce in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Condado
Subbarrio
View from beach at hotel La Concha Resort
View from beach at hotel La Concha Resort
Locator map of Condado in the barrio of Santurce
Locator map of Condado in the barrio of Santurce
2000 Census map
2000 Census map
Commonwealth Puerto Rico
Municipality San Juan
BarrioSanturce
Area
 • Total.79 sq mi (2.0 km2)
 • Land.48 sq mi (1.2 km2)
 • Water.31 sq mi (0.8 km2)
Elevation0 ft (0 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total4,908
 • Density15,832.3/sq mi (6,112.9/km2)
 Source: 2010 Census
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)

SettingEdit

Condado is an upscale neighborhood located on the beach.[3] It is located east of the historic colonial barrio of Old San Juan. It is one of 40 subbarrios of Santurce. The land area measures 203.81 acres (82.48 ha) with a resident population of 6,170 according to the 2000 United States Census.

The eastern border is marked by De Diego Avenue and its straight extension towards the Atlantic coast. On the south, the subbarrio is bounded by Wilson Street, Aldea Street, Expreso Baldorioty de Castro, Piccioni Street and Delcasse Street, and by the Condado Lagoon (from east to west). At the westernmost point is the Dos Hermanos Bridge, where Ashford Avenue ends and leads into Old San Juan. In the north are the beaches of the Atlantic Ocean next to hotels and other attractions such as nightclubs, casinos, shops and restaurants. Condado is one of the island's primary tourist destinations.

In recent years, El Condado neighborhood has become associated with wealth and status. Properties are scarce, hard to come by and extremely expensive. It is sometimes called the “Manhattan of Puerto Rico” and properties tend to hover in the millions of dollars. It is one of the most desirable places to live on the island and as such commands a premium.

20th centuryEdit

 
Cornelius Vanderbilt, railroad tycoon in the U.S.

Condado began its process of urbanization in 1908 by two American industrialists, Hernan and Sosthenes, also known as the Behn Brothers. The quarter became a typical streetcar suburb to the traditional urban center of Old San Juan. Its growth and development was mostly shaped by a transportation influenced suburbanization developed on a grid plan.

The neighborhood experienced an economic boom in the first decades of the 20th century when some of the wealthiest families built their homes in the area. The Vanderbilts built a summer home in 1919 which today has been converted into the luxurious Condado Vanderbilt Hotel. The Behn Brothers also built their home in Condado and to their memory, Dos Hermanos Bridge (or "Two Brothers Bridge" in English) is named in their honor as founders of Puerto Rico Telephone and the new electric tramway line that linked the county to Old San Juan.

The 1950s-60s era saw another boom in Condado, with the rapid industrialization of Puerto Rico, this flamboyant locale was becoming a popular tourist destination. Large hotels like the Caribe Hilton Hotel and La Concha Resort were built as part of a government sponsorship program under the Operation Bootstrap brand.

A convention center was built to host activities while many families began to move in during the development of high-end and high-rise apartment buildings. In fact, Ashford Avenue was named after another well-known Condado resident Dr. Bailey Ashford. It runs through the subbarrio and leads toward the Puente Dos Hermanos.[4]

DemographicsEdit

In 2010, Condado had a population of 4,908 and a population density of 15,832.3 persons per square mile.

Historical population
Census Pop.
19402,470
19503,33635.1%
19603,3711.0%
19704,60536.6%
19805,57521.1%
19905,5820.1%
20006,17010.5%
20104,908−20.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1930-1950[6] 1980-2000[7] 2010[1]

21st centuryEdit

 
Skyline of El Condado

Condado looks quite different from what it did at the turn of the century. Some of the luxurious homes which still remain nestled between the high-rise condominiums have been converted into small inns, shops, museums or restaurants.[8] Dr. Bailey Ashford's home has been remodeled and there are plans to turn it into a museum. Condado's main public space is La Ventana al Mar, designed by architect and urbanist Andrés Mignucci. The park is flanked by two of Condado's landmark hotels: to the west by the Condado Vanderbilt Hotel (1919), designed by Warren and Whitmore, and to the east by the La Concha Hotel (1957), designed by Toro Ferrer.

One of the first schools constructed by the United States is in Condado. Designed by Antonin Nechodoma, it was designated as a historic site in November 2020 by the Puerto Rico Planning Board.[9]

Public transportationEdit

Condado is served by the Puerto Rico Metropolitan Bus Authority with two bus routes: T21[10] and D53.[11][12]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-02-20. Retrieved 2019-08-02.
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Condado Subbarrio
  3. ^ Clemence, Sara (December 26, 2018). "Puerto Rico on the Rebound: A Three-Day Getaway Guide". Archived from the original on October 11, 2019. Retrieved October 11, 2019 – via www.wsj.com.
  4. ^ Cangrejos - Santurce - Authors; Aníbal Sepúlveda, Jorge Carbonell, Centro de Investigaciones CARIMAR, Oficina Estatal de Preservación Histórica. (Spanish)
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  6. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 30, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  7. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 24, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  8. ^ "The Best New Hotels in the World - It List 2019". Travel + Leisure. Archived from the original on 2020-06-08. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  9. ^ "Escuela Madame Lucchetti recibe designación de emergencia como sitio histórico". El Nuevo Día (in Spanish). 2020-11-18. Retrieved 2021-01-12.
  10. ^ "TU Sagrado Corazón Terminal Covadonga Viejo San Juan (Archived copy)". Archived from the original on 2016-02-23. Retrieved 2016-02-25.
  11. ^ "Terminal Covadonga Aeropuerto LMM (Archived copy)". Archived from the original on 2016-02-23. Retrieved 2016-02-25.
  12. ^ "ati.pr San Juan Bus Route Map". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-02-25.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 18°27′23″N 66°04′16″W / 18.45639°N 66.07111°W / 18.45639; -66.07111