Edward Harley, 3rd Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer
Edward Harley, 3rd Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer (c. 1699 – 11 April 1755) was a British peer and Member of Parliament. He was the nephew of Britain's First Minister between 1710 and 1714 Robert Harley.
The Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer
|Member of Parliament for Herefordshire|
Serving with Velters Cornewall
|Preceded by||Velters Cornewall|
Sir Edward Goodere
|Succeeded by||Velters Cornewall|
|Died||11 April 1755 (aged 55–56)|
|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford|
Harley was the son and heir of Sarah Foley (the third daughter of Thomas Foley of Witley Court) and Edward Harley of Eywood, the Auditor of the Imprest and the next younger brother of Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer.
He was returned to Parliament as the member for Herefordshire in 1727, sitting until 1741. He was known as a Hanoverian Tory. He vigorously defended the past record of his uncle Robert's governments during Queen Anne's reign.
He succeeded his father in 1735 to the Eywood estate at Titley, Herefordshire and his cousin Edward Harley, 2nd Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer in 1741 to the earldom and the family seat, Brampton Bryan Hall at Brampton Bryan in Herefordshire.
One of his first acts on succeeding his brother was to auction off his predecessor's art and coin collection through the auctioneer Cock, at an art sale held under the Piazza, Covent Garden, on 8 March 1741/2 and the five following days, with six more days being required by the coins. Nearly all the leading men of the day, including Horace Walpole, attended or were represented at this sale, and the prices varied from five shillings for an anonymous bishop's "head" to 165 guineas for van Dyck's group of "Sir Kenelm Digby, lady, and son".
On 16 March 1724 or 1725, at St. Anne's Church, Soho, he married Martha Morgan, a daughter of Sir John Morgan of Tredegar and Martha Vaughan (a daughter and co-heiress of Gwyn Vaughan of Trebarried) and the sister of Sir William Morgan and Sir Thomas Morgan. They had several children:
- Edward Harley, 4th Earl of Oxford (1726–1790), also an MP for Hertfordshire; he married heiress Susannah Archer, a daughter of William Archer.
- Hon. John Harley (1728–1788), the Bishop of Hereford who married his cousin Roach Vaughan, daughter of Gwynne Vaughan of Trebarried; their son, Edward became 5th Earl of Oxford.
- Hon. Thomas Harley (1730–1804), Lord Mayor of London who married Anne Bangham, the daughter of Edward Bangham, MP for Leominster.
- Rev. Hon. William Harley (d. 1769).
- Lady Sarah Harvey (d. 1737).
- Lady Martha Harvey, who married Charles Milborne, of The Priory, Abergavenny, in 1764.
- "Oxford and Mortimer, Earl of (GB, 1711 - 1853)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 22 October 2020.
- "Edward Harley, 3rd Earl of Oxford". ThePeerage.com.* Burkes Peerage (1851 edition)
- "HARLEY, Edward (?1699-1755), of Eywood, Herefs". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- Hill p.231
- Hill, Brian W. Robert Harley: Speaker, Secretary of State and Premier Minister. Yale University Press, 1988.