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Portrait (1837–1840), oil on canvas, of Sir Edward Bowater, by William Salter (died 1870)

General Sir Edward Bowater KCH (1787 – 14 December 1861)[1] was a British soldier and courtier.

Background and educationEdit

Born in St James's Palace, Bowater descended from a Coventry family and was the only son of the Admiral Edward Bowater.[2] His mother Louisa was the daughter of Thomas Lane and widow of George Edward Hawkins, who had served as serjeant surgeon to King George III.[2] He was educated at Harrow School and went then to the University of Oxford, where he graduated with a Doctor of Civil Law.[2]

Military careerEdit

He entered the British Army in 1804 and was commissioned as ensign into the 3rd Foot Guards.[3] Bowater was present in the Battle of Copenhagen (1807) and was then transferred with his regiment to Portugal.[3] He joined the Taking of Porto and following the Battle of Talavera, where he was wounded,[3] he purchased a lieutenancy in August 1809.[4] In December he left for England, however returned to the Peninsular War after two years.[3] He fought in the Battle of Salamanca in July 1812 and the Siege of Burgos in October.[3] In the following year Bowater took part in the Battle of Vitoria in June and then was commanded to the Siege of San Sebastián until September 1813.[3] A month later, he served in the Battle of the Bidassoa and in December was involved in the fightings of the Battle of the Nive.[3]

Bowater was advanced to a captain and lieutenant-colonel in 1814, receiving command of a company,[5] and when Napoleon returned from his exile in 1815, he led his men in the Battle of Quatre Bras.[1] He was wounded again in the Battle of Waterloo in June.[1] In 1826, Bowater was promoted to colonel[6] and in 1837 to major-general,[7] after which he was awarded a Knight Commander of the Royal Guelphic Order.[6] He obtained the colonelship of the 49th Regiment of Foot in April 1846[8] and became lieutenant-general in November.[6] In 1854 he was made a full general.[9]

At courtEdit

Bowater was nominated an equerry to King William IV in 1832, a position he held until the King's death six years later.[10] In 1840 he was admitted to Prince Albert, who had shortly before arrived at the court, until 1846, when he was appointed Groom in Waiting in Ordinary to the latter's wife Queen Victoria.[10]

Personal lifeEdit

In 1839, Bowater married Emilia Mary, the daughter of Colonel Michael Barne.[2] Their only daughter Louisa became the wife of Rainald Knightley, 1st Baron Knightley.[11] Bowater died after short illness in Cannes in 1861, on the same day as his former master the Prince Consort, while accompanying the latter's son Prince Leopold on a sojourn.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Urban (1862), p. 109
  2. ^ a b c d Dod (1860), p. 127
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Rivington (1862), p. 405
  4. ^ "No. 16292". The London Gazette. 26 August 1809. p. 1367.
  5. ^ "No. 16925". The London Gazette. 13 August 1814. p. 1635.
  6. ^ a b c Urban (1862), p. 110
  7. ^ "No. 19456". The London Gazette. 10 January 1837. p. 64.
  8. ^ "No. 20599". The London Gazette. 28 April 1846. p. 1530.
  9. ^ "No. 21564". The London Gazette. 22 June 1854. p. 1932.
  10. ^ a b Walford (1860), p. 67
  11. ^ Fox-Davies (1895), p. 578


  • Dod, Robert Philip (1860). The Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Whitaker and Co.
  • Walford, Edward (1860). The County Families of the United Kingdom. London: Robert Hardwicke.
  • Sylvanus, Urban (1862). The Gentleman's Magazine 1862. part I. London: John Henry and James Parker.
  • J. and F. H. Rivington, ed. (1862). The Annual Register 1861. London: Woodfall and Kinder.
  • Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1895). Armorial Families. Edinburgh: Grange Publishing Works.

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Bowater, Edward". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.

External linksEdit

Court offices
Preceded by
Hon. Arthur Duncombe
Groom in Waiting in Ordinary
Succeeded by
Lord James Murray
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Gordon Drummond
Colonel of the 49th Regiment of Foot
Succeeded by
Edmund Finucane Morris