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Edward "Ed" Bolden (January 17, 1881 in Concordville, Pennsylvania – September 27, 1950 in Darby, Pennsylvania) was an American baseball executive and owner in the Negro Leagues.

Ed Bolden
Ed Bolden 1924.jpg
Born17 January 1881
DiedSeptember 27, 1950(1950-09-27) (aged 69)

Contents

Early careerEdit

Bolden's first occupation in baseball was as a volunteer scorekeeper for a team out of Darby, Pennsylvania, under 19 year-old manager, Austin Thompson. Bolden was 28.[1] Thompson went on to organize the Hilldale Club in the spring of 1910, out of Darby. At the time, Darby was a major African American hub of nearly 6,300. The team played other amateur clubs in the Philadelphia area. Meanwhile, Bolden continued to hold jobs as a domestic servant and later as a clerk at the Philadelpia post office.[1]

Hilldale ClubEdit

After Thompson established the Hilldale Club Bolden took over as owner and head of the team. Bolden transformed the team's status from amateur to professional. This aided the team in taking off financially, as the team attracted high levels of talent and scheduled games against skilled opponents.[1] When it came to recruiting players, he would either go out and look for specific types or levels of talent, or place advertisements in local newspapers regarding open tryouts.

Thompson became known as a strict owner and manager, as he demanded a certain set of rules for not only his players but also the fans of the ball club. He promoted what became known as "clean ball," simply advocating courteous behavior. Bolden always had the fans in mind and constantly prided himself in constructing new marketing techniques to promote his team. Darby Field (Hilldale Park) was conveniently located in terms of the teams fan base, but to even further more promote the teams success; Bolden organized a deal with a local streetcar company, requesting a line directly to the park on game days.[1] He also rented out the ball park and sold advertising that scattered throughout the confines of the stadium.

1916 proved to be a standout year for the Hilldale Club. Some of the changes that Bolden put into effect were practices twice a week, pre-game workouts, and a ban on alcohol. Changes not only affected players, as a new grandstand was added to the stadium, new uniforms were ordered, and a general admission fee of twenty cents were implemented.[1]

Negro National League and the Eastern Colored LeagueEdit

Bolden had earned somewhat of a negative reputation between NNL managers, as he often signed players from other teams. One of those owners was Rube Foster, and a feud between him and Bolden began in 1920. Foster began to support teams in the east such as the Bacharach Giants, and when this club joined the league they raided the Hilldale roster. In 1922 Hilldale resigned from the NLL and joined the ECL. Yet again Hilldale brought many NLL players with them through the course of the transition. The team won three league titles in their first three years in the ECL, also playing in the first two Colored World Series in 1924 and 1925, winning in 1925. Bolden and Foster were pleased that the Series earned the national recognition of both leagues and focused national attention on black professional baseball.[1]

In 1930 Bolden received the threat of a possible demotion from his position at the post office, and was forced to leave baseball.[1]

Philadelphia StarsEdit

Bolden returned to professional baseball in 1932 with the Philadelphia Stars, after being gone from the game for two years. At first he didn't want to commit the Stars to any league. Bolden preferred to make most of the team's money through playing exhibition games against white teams, because they ended up losing money when they committed to league games.[1] African American baseball thrived during World War II during the early 1940s. Crowds grew, salaries rose, commissions increased, and teams were actually able to use major-league parks. However, at the war's end, integrated baseball began to thrive uncontrollably.[1] Bolden greatly supported integrated baseball and hoped to one day play a role in the Major Leagues. However, he died before being able to do so.

Notable Players under Ed Bolden: From Both Hilldale and Philadelphia
Otto Briggs Dick Lundy Biz Mackey
Smokey Joe Williams Oscar Charleston Judy Johnson
Louis Santop Martin Dihigo

Influence on today's gameEdit

Bolden's death truly marked the end of an era in baseball. He left behind great marketing techniques and methods to managing a ball club, through implementing rules in the club house. These techniques and methods have proved to be successful and are commonly used today.

He had welcomed professional baseball integration as a force that would improve the black leagues but the commercial basis was practically destroyed by fans' new focus on the major leagues.

ReferencesEdit

  • Lanctot, Neil (1994). Fair Dealing and Clean Playing: the Hilldale Club and the development of black professional baseball, 1910-1932. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. pp. 17, 226–227. ISBN 0-89950-988-6.
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Haupert, Michael. "Ed Bolden". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved December 26, 2015.

External linksEdit