Echinosaura is a genus of lizards, called commonly the spined tegus, in the family Gymnophthalmidae. The genus is endemic to Central America and South America.

Echinosaura palmeri.jpg
Echinosaura palmeri
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Gymnophthalmidae
Tribe: Cercosaurini
Genus: Echinosaura
Boulenger, 1890

7, see text.

Geographic range and habitatEdit

Species of Echinosaura occur in tropical rainforests of Panama and South America.


Spined tegu lizards are normally brown in color and have spines on the head, torso, and tail.


7 species are recognised:[1]


  1. ^ "Echinosaura ". The Reptile Database.

Further readingEdit

  • Boulenger GA (1890). "First Report on Additions to the Lizard Collection in the British Museum (Natural History)". Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1890: 77-86 + Plates VIII-XI. (Echinosaura, new genus, pp. 82–83; E. horrida, new species, p. 83 + Plate X, figures 1, 1a, 1b).