East Renfrewshire (UK Parliament constituency)
East Renfrewshire (known as Eastwood from 1983 until 2005) is a constituency of the House of Commons, to the south of Glasgow, Scotland. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) using the first-past-the-post system of voting.
for the House of Commons
Boundary of East Renfrewshire in Scotland.
|Member of Parliament||Paul Masterton (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|Replaced by||Eastwood, Paisley South and Paisley North|
|European Parliament constituency||Scotland|
Before 1997, it was the safest Conservative seat in Scotland, however in the 1997 Labour landslide, it was won by Jim Murphy who held the seat until 2015. Kirsten Oswald of the Scottish National Party then won the seat in the 2015 SNP landslide with a turnout of 81%. The seat then returned to Conservative control in the 2017 election, when it was won by Conservative candidate Paul Masterton.
The constituency has a mostly middle-class electorate and includes affluent areas.
The constituency was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election. It was abolished for the 1983 general election, when it was partially replaced by the new Eastwood constituency.
The East Renfrewshire constituency was re-established for the 2005 general election, with the same boundaries as the previous Eastwood constituency. Despite the change of name, it is the only constituency in mainland Scotland whose boundaries were unchanged by the 2005 revision of Scottish constituencies.
Boundaries and local government areasEdit
As created in 1885 the constituency was one of four covering the area of the county of Renfrewshire (except the burgh of Renfrew and the burgh of Port Glasgow, which were components of Kilmarnock Burghs until 1918). The four constituencies were: East Renfrewshire, West Renfrewshire, Paisley and Greenock. Greenock was enlarged and renamed Greenock and Port Glasgow in 1974.
From 1885 the constituency consisted of the parishes of Eastwood, Cathcart, Mearns and Eaglesham, and part of the parish of Govan.
From 1918 the constituency consisted of "The Upper County District, inclusive of all burghs situated therein, except the burghs of Paisley and Johnstone, together with so much of the burgh of Renfrew as is contained within the parish of Govan in the county of Lanark."
The constituency was abolished for the 1983 general election, eight years after the creation of local government regions and districts in 1975. The new constituency, with revised boundaries, was called Eastwood.
In 1996 the area of the Eastwood constituency became, also, the East Renfrewshire unitary council area.
In 1999 a Scottish Parliament constituency was created with the name and boundaries of the Eastwood Westminster constituency.
In the widespread redistribution of Scottish seats for the 2005 general election, the name of the Eastwood Westminster constituency was changed back to East Renfrewshire.
Constituency profile and voting patternsEdit
An outer suburb of the Glasgow conurbation and the rural hinterland to the south-west of Glasgow, this is an affluent, middle-class commuter area with a high proportion of owner-occupiers and professionals. Clarkston used to be a dry area until planning permission for the first pub in the area was given in 2006. East Renfrewshire has the largest Jewish population of any seat in Scotland, with almost half of Scotland's Jewish population living in the area. The constituency is on the borders of Glasgow, and is mostly middle-class residential territory for Glasgow.
At the 2014 Scottish independence referendum East Renfrewshire returned a significant majority against the proposal for Scotland to become an independent state. With a voter turnout of 90.4%, 41,690 votes were cast for "No" (63.2%) and 24,287 were cast for "Yes" (36.8%). At the 2016 European Union membership referendum a substantial majority of votes were cast in favour of remaining a member of the European Union in East Renfrewshire, with a turnout of 76.1% there were 39,345 "Remain" votes (74.3%) to 13,596 "Leave" votes (25.7%).
The area was looked on as safely Conservative before Labour gained the seat in 1997. East Renfrewshire was subsequently viewed as a relatively safe Labour seat until the SNP gained the seat in 2015. At the 2016 Scottish Parliament election, the Eastwood constituency, covering a majority of the East Renfrewshire parliamentary constituency, returned Conservative Jackson Carlaw as its constituency MSP with a majority of 1,611 votes (4.5%). The Conservatives subsequently gained the seat at the 2017 general election, with Paul Masterton being elected with a 4,712 vote (8.8%) majority over the SNP's Kirsten Oswald.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Aileen Morton||1,112||2.1||+0.2|
|Conservative gain from SNP||Swing||+13.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Graeme Cowie||1,069||1.9||–7.3|
|SNP gain from Labour||Swing||+24.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Gordon MacDonald||4,720||9.2||–9.0|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Gordon MacDonald||8,659||18.3||+5.4|
|Scottish Socialist||Ian Henderson||528||1.1||–0.6|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Conservative||Betty Harvie Anderson||19,847||41.35|
|Conservative||Betty Harvie Anderson||25,713||50.62|
|Conservative||Betty Harvie Anderson||29,163||52.07|
|SNP||John M. Buchanan||3,733||6.66|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Conservative||Betty Harvie Anderson||28,017||53.17|
|Liberal||James W McHardy||7,252||13.76|
|Unionist||Betty Harvie Anderson||27,846||52.54|
|Liberal||Derek M H Starforth||8,655||16.33|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Unionist||Betty Harvie Anderson||29,672||58.65|
|Labour||Arthur J Houston||14,579||28.82|
|Liberal||Derek M H Starforth||6,339||12.53|
|Labour||David J Phillips||14,371||31.70|
|Labour||David J Phillips||16,588||34.20|
|Labour||William L Taylor||16,716||34.56|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Labour Co-op||D. McArthur||36,634||46.4|
|Ind. Labour Party||Annie Maxton||8,206||19.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Labour Co-op||James Barr||21,475||34.0||+7.3|
|Labour Co-op||James Strain||12,477||26.71|
|National (Scotland)||Oliver Brown||6,498||13.91|
|Ind. Labour Party||Thomas Irwin||12,293||33.3||N/A|
|National (Scotland)||William Brown||4,818||13.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Unionist||Alexander Munro MacRobert||18,487||52.2||−3.5|
|Labour||John Martin Munro||16,924||47.8||+3.5|
|Unionist||Alexander Munro MacRobert||11,817||52.0||−3.7|
|Labour||John Martin Munro||10,889||48.0||+3.7|
|Unionist||Alexander Munro MacRobert||13,716||55.7||+13.4|
|Unionist gain from Labour||Swing||+6.9|
|Labour gain from Liberal||Swing||+34.7|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||N/A|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+2.7|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
|Liberal||John Gloag Murdoch||3,397||43.1||+4.1|
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+14.7|
|Conservative||Allan Gilmour, jun||3,144||46.3||N/A|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
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