East Diamante is a submarine volcano located 43 km (27 mi) south of Anatahan in the Northern Mariana Islands of the northwestern Pacific Ocean. It forms part of the Izu–Bonin–Mariana Arc and is hydrothermally active, containing a complex, elongated caldera at its summit.

East Diamante
Bathymetic image of East Diamante as viewed from the north/northeast
East Diamante is located in Northern Mariana Islands
East Diamante
East Diamante is located in North Pacific
East Diamante
East Diamante (North Pacific )
Summit depth−127 m (−417 ft)
LocationNorthern Mariana Islands
Coordinates15°56′N 145°40′E / 15.93°N 145.67°E / 15.93; 145.67
CountryUnited States
TypeSubmarine volcano
Volcanic arc/chainIzu–Bonin–Mariana Arc
Last eruptionUnknown[1]

Geology Edit

East Diamante is one of two submarine volcanoes in the southern Izu–Bonin–Mariana Arc that have erupted felsic magmas, the other being Zealandia Bank.[2] Dacite is the primary rock type and generally has a porphyritic texture, with phenocrysts embedded in a matrix of quartz, plagioclase, clinopyroxene, orthopyroxene and iron-titanium oxides.[1][2] The phenocrysts account for up to 41% of the total rock volume.[2]

The summit of East Diamante lies 127 m (417 ft) below sea level and is truncated by an elongated, northeast–southwest-trending caldera. Formation of the caldera was followed by the emplacement of a central dome complex and the construction of a volcanic cone on the southwest caldera rim. The central dome complex displays hydrothermal activity, including black smokers.[1]

Argon–argon dating of dacite from inside the caldera has given an age of 20,000 ± 4000 years, indicating that the volcano was active in the Late Pleistocene.[3] Volcanism continued into the Holocene, but the age of the last eruption is unknown.[1]

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ a b c d "East Diamante". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2021-01-19.
  2. ^ a b c Shukuno, H.; Tamura, Y.; Stern, R. J.; Nunokawa, A.; Kawabata, H.; Miyazaki, T.; Senda, R.; Kimura, J.; Nichols, A. R. (2012). "Felsic magmatism in the Southern Mariana arc: Petrogenetic comparison between Zealandia Bank and East Diamante". AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts. American Geophysical Union. 2012. Bibcode:2012AGUFM.T51D2617S.
  3. ^ Hein, James R.; de Ronde, Cornel E. J.; Koski, Randolph A.; Ditchburn, Robert G.; Mizell, Kira; Tamura, Yoshihiko; Stern, Robert J.; Conrad, Tracey A.; Ishizuka, Osamu; Leybourne, Matthew I. (2014). "Layered Hydrothermal Barite-Sulfide Mound Field, East Diamante Caldera, Mariana Volcanic Arc". Economic Geology. Society of Economic Geologists. 109 (8): 2179. doi:10.2113/econgeo.109.8.2179. ISSN 0361-0128.