Earl Brassey was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1911 for the Liberal politician and former Governor of Victoria, Thomas Brassey, 1st Baron Brassey. He had already been created Baron Brassey, of Bulkeley in the County Palatine of Chester, in 1886, and was made Viscount Hythe, of Hythe in the County of Kent, at the same time as he was granted the earldom. These titles were also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The titles became extinct upon the death of his son, the second Earl, in 1919.
Henry Brassey, 1st Baron Brassey of Apethorpe was the nephew of the first Earl.