Earl "Chinna" Smith (born 6 August 1955), a.k.a. Earl Flute and Melchezidek the High Priest,[1] is a Jamaican guitarist active since the late 1960s. He is most well known for his work with the Soul Syndicate band and as guitarist for Bob Marley & the Wailers, among others, and has recorded with many reggae artists, appearing on more than 500 albums.

Earl "Chinna" Smith
Background information
Birth nameEarl Smith
Also known asEarl Flute
Born (1955-08-06) 6 August 1955 (age 68)
OriginKingston, Jamaica
Instrument(s)Guitar, vocals, bass guitar, percussions
Years active1968–present
LabelsHigh Times, Makasound

Biography edit

Smith was born 6 August 1955, and raised by family friends in the Greenwich Farm area of Kingston.[2] His father and godfather were both sound system owners, his father's, Smith's, operated by Bunny Lee.[2] Earl tried to emulate them using a toy sound system, leading to his nickname of "Tuner" (after a hi-fi amplifier), which was corrupted to "Chuner" and later "Chinna".[2] Smith became interested in guitar as a teenager and made his own from sardine cans and fishing line.[2] He formed a vocal group with his friend Earl Johnson (who later recorded as Earl Zero) and another youth, and they regularly sat in on sessions by the Soul Syndicate band.[2] Smith was taught the basics of guitar by the band's guitarist Cleon Douglas, and became so adept at playing the band's repertoire that he was asked to join the band when Douglas emigrated to the United States.[2]

In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Smith was the guitarist in Bunny Lee's house band that became known as The Aggrovators.[3] He also recorded a few vocal tracks under the pseudonym Earl Flute for producer Keith Hudson. Smith also played in Lee "Scratch" Perry's band The Upsetters.[4]

In 1976, Smith joined Bob Marley & the Wailers, appearing on the Rastaman Vibration album, the Live at the Roxy album, and backed Marley at his historic One Love Peace Concert performance in 1978. In addition, Smith played guitar on bed tracks recorded in Jamaica that were ultimately used on the Exodus album, namely The Heathen, Three Little Birds, and One Love, as well as the outtake Roots.[5] Smith also appeared on the Survival album, contributing rhythm guitar and percussion to the track One Drop, and on the Uprising album, playing guitar on We And Dem, Real Situation, and Forever Loving Jah. In addition, Smith backed Marley on the Catch a Fire outtake High Tide or Low Tide, as part of Soul Syndicate, and overdubbed rhythm guitar on the live album Babylon by Bus. Finally, Smith played guitar on the tracks Blackman Redemption, Rastaman Live Up, and I Know, which appeared on Confrontation.[6] Smith later worked with Bob Marley's sons Julian and Ziggy, touring internationally with the latter and playing on his Conscious Party album.[3]

In 1980, Smith launched his own High Times record label, releasing records by Soul Syndicate, Prince Alla, and Freddie McGregor, and also formed the High Times Players (which featured Augustus Pablo and Dean Fraser amongst others) who acted as backing band to Mutabaruka.[7] Smith also co-produced Mutabaruka's 1983 debut studio album Check It!. The dub version of the album, credited to Smith, was released in 2004.

In 1986 Smith appeared as a member of Ernest Reed's (Jimmy Cliff) back-up band in the reggae-themed comedy Club Paradise.

In the 2000s he worked on a series of albums recorded in his yard in St. Andrew, featuring veteran musicians and singers including Cedric Myton, Linval Thompson, Junior Murvin, and Kiddus I, this Inna de Yard series released by the French label Makasound.[7][8] Two of these volumes feature Smith as lead musician, credited to "Earl Chinna Smith and Idrens", these released in 2008 and 2009.

In 2009, Smith recorded an instrumental version of The Heptones' album Heptones on Top as a tribute to the band, along with Lebert "Gibby" Morrison; They had worked on the album for more than ten years.[9]

As well as working with many of the top Jamaican artists, Smith also recorded with artists such as Lauryn Hill (on The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill) and Amy Winehouse (on Frank).[1]

In October 2013 it was announced that he was to be awarded a Silver Musgrave Medal later that month by the Institute of Jamaica.[10]

In 2017, Smith worked with the Jamaican reggae singer, songwriter and producer Emmanuel Anebsa on his EP Black People.[11]

In 2022 Earl Chinna Smith's InnadeYard Binghistra Movement, Surfing Medicine International 501(c)(3), and the Charles Town Maroons produced and released a benefit album online and as a limited edition vinyl LP printed by Third Man Pressing called: 'Maroon Songs: Born Free, Live Free, Ever Free' featuring Earl Chinna Smith, Errol Flabba Holt, Tyrone Downie and many other iconic Reggae artists and Maroon Drummers.[12]

Personal life edit

Smith's sons and daughters have followed him into a music career, with Jhamiela Smith (vocalist), Neosulann Smith (vocalist), Maria Smith (vocalist), Earl Smith Jr. (vocalist, Studio Engineer), JahJah (born Jahmai) (vocalist), and Ashea (born Itayi) a deejay.[13] and his beautiful last born, named from his stage name "Chinna" Chynnah Smith.

Solo album discography edit

  • Sticky Fingers (1977), Third World
  • Home Grown (1991), High Times
  • Dub It! (2004), Nature Sounds
  • Inna De Yard (2008), Makasound - Earl Chinna Smith & Idrens
  • Inna De Yard vol. 2 (2009), Makasound - Earl Chinna Smith & Idrens
  • Guitars On Top (2009), Grass Yard - with Lebert "Gibby" Morrison

Artists recorded with edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ a b Johnson, Richard (2013) "The Melchizedek way", Jamaica Observer, 6 October 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013
  2. ^ a b c d e f Katz, p. 116
  3. ^ a b Moskowitz, p. 274
  4. ^ Bradley, p. 326
  5. ^ Goldman, Vivien (2006). The Book of Exodus. New York, NY: Penguin Random House. p. 198.
  6. ^ Earl Smith - Lead Guitarist Interview (Television production). Jamaica: TVJ Entertainment. 3 September 2021.
  7. ^ a b Peter I
  8. ^ Campbell
  9. ^ Cooke
  10. ^ "'Scratch' and 'Chinna' to get Musgrave Medals", Jamaica Observer, 4 October 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013
  11. ^ "Black People by Emmanuel Anebsa". United Reggae. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
  12. ^ "Maroon Songs: Born Free, Live Free, Ever Free". Reggae-vibes.com. Retrieved 13 November 2022.
  13. ^ Jackson, Kevin (2014) "Like father, like sons", Jamaica Observer, 7 February 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2014

References edit

External links edit