Judy Mowatt

Judith Veronica Mowatt, OD (born 1952) is a Jamaican reggae artist. As well as being a solo artist, from 1974 she was also a member of the I Three (wrongly spelled "I Threes"), trio of backing vocalists for Bob Marley & The Wailers after Peter Tosh and Bunny Wailer left.

Judy Mowatt
Judy Mowatt at Gröna Lund, 1977
Judy Mowatt at Gröna Lund, 1977
Background information
Birth nameJudith Veronica Mowatt
Born1952 (age 67–68)
Gordon Town, Jamaica
GenresReggae
Roots Reggae
Gospel
InstrumentsVocals
Years active1967 – present
LabelsTuff Gong, Shanachie Records
Associated actsThe Wailers
Bunny Wailer
Peter Tosh
I-Threes

Early lifeEdit

Mowatt was born in Gordon Town, St. Andrew Parish, Jamaica. At the age of 13, she became a member of a dance troupe which toured Jamaica and other islands in the Caribbean. Her initial ambition was to become a registered nurse. Her earliest musical influences were Aretha Franklin, Otis Redding, Curtis Mayfield, Dionne Warwick, Bob Marley, Marcia Griffiths, The Staple Singers and The Soulettes. A coincidental meeting with two teenage girls who were earlier in her dance troupe led to the formation of the Gaylettes, in 1967.

CareerEdit

In 1974, Mowatt got her big break by joining Bob Marley's backing vocal trio the "I Threes".[1]

Her Black Woman album (Ashandan, 1979) came out the same year as I Three member Marcia Griffiths's album At Studio One. It is considered by many critics to be the greatest reggae album by a female artist.[2] It was also the first reggae album recorded by a woman acting as her own producer.[3]

She became the first female singer nominated for a Grammy Award in the category of reggae music when her Working Wonders album was nominated in 1985.[citation needed]

Formerly a member of the Rastafari movement,[4] in the late 1990s she converted to Christianity and now sings Gospel music.[2]

In 1999 the Jamaican government made her an Officer of the Order of Distinction for "services to music".[4]

Identity mixupEdit

Some sources wrongfully assumed Judy Mowatt to be identical to Jean Watt (the longtime wife of Bunny Livingston/Wailer) [5]. This mixup possibly originated from Mowatt using several different stage names, for legal reasons, in the early 1970’s: Julianne, Julie-Ann, and Jean. Bunny Wailer credited his wife, Jean Watt for writing some of the tracks recorded during sessions for the album Burnin' (1973): "Hallelujah Time", “Pass It On" and "Reincarnated Soul”. The latter song first appeared on a single as B Side to “Concrete Jungle and later - with the name changed to "Reincarnated Souls" – on Bunny Wailer's first solo album Blackheart Man (1976).

Due to the similarity of the two names, some might have concluded that Jean Watt was a writing pseudonym for Mowatt.

DiscographyEdit

  • Mellow Mood (1975), Tuff Gong
  • Black Woman (1979), Ashandan / (1980), Grove Music (Island Records)
  • Mr. Dee-J (1981), Ashandan
  • Only A Woman (1982), Shanachie
  • Working Wonders (1985), Ashandan
  • Love Is Overdue (1986), Shanachie
  • Look At Love (1991), Koch International / Shanachie
  • Rock Me (1993), Pow Wow
  • Love (1998), African Love / Jet Star
  • Something Old, Something New (2002), Judy M Music/Tuff Gong International
  • Sing Our Own Song (2003), Shanachie

with the I ThreeEdit

  • Beginning (1986), Tuff Gong / EMI - with Rita Marley and Marcia Griffiths, credited to 'I-Three'

with the GaylettesEdit

  • We Shall Sing (Girl Group Rocksteady, Reggae And Soul 1967-73) (2001), Westside (compilation)
  • Rescue Me (1967-1973) (2016), Roots Reggae Library (compilation)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Judy Mowatt". AllMusic. 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
  2. ^ a b Howard Campbell (26 February 2014). "Black Woman Judy Mowatt". Jamaica Observer. Archived from the original on 3 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Black Woman - Judy Mowatt". AllMusic. 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
  4. ^ a b "Judy Mowatt Biography". Musician Guide. 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
  5. ^ Moskowitz, David (2007) The Words and Music of Bob Marley, p. 162 (Chapter 3, note 32).