Dutch West Indies campaign

The Dutch West Indies campaign was a series of minor conflicts in 1781 and 1782, in the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War and the American Revolutionary War. Following Great Britain's declaration of war on the Dutch Republic in December 1780, British Admiral George Brydges Rodney, the commander of the Royal Navy in the West Indies, was notified by a fast-sailing packet ship of the declaration. He immediately acted to ensure control over as many of the Dutch colonies as possible, capturing Sint Eustatius, a vital entrepot of French and Dutch trade between their colonies and Europe, in early February 1781. He also captured Saba and Sint Maarten, and orchestrated the capture of the Dutch colonial outposts of Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo in South America. A planned expedition by Samuel Hood against Curaçao was called off on rumors that a French fleet was approaching. A French expedition in 1782 captured Demerara and Essequibo, although the fate of the other colonies were settled at the conclusion of the war.

Dutch West Indies campaign
Part of the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War
Île de Saint Eustache en 1781 (haute résolution).jpg
Île de Saint Eustache en 1781, Unknown author
Date1781-1782
Location
Result Status quo ante bellum
Belligerents
 Great Britain  Dutch Republic
 France
Commanders and leaders
George Rodney
Samuel Hood
Comte de Guichen
Comte d'Estaing
Comte de Grasse

ReferencesEdit

  • Koch, Cristopher. The Revolutions Of Europe Being An Historical View Of The European Nations From The Subversion Of The Roman Empire In The West, To The Abdication Of Napoleon # Whittaker Ave Maria Lane Publishing (1839)

ASIN B0011HSJG8

  • Edler, F. (2001) [1911]. The Dutch Republic and The American Revolution. Honolulu, Hawaii: University Press of the Pacific. ISBN 0-89875-269-8.
  • Marley, David. Wars of the Americas: a chronology of armed conflict in the New World, 1492 to the present
  • Rodway, James. History of British Guiana, Volume 1