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Dutch Australians

  (Redirected from Dutch Australian)

Dutch Australians refers to Australians with full or partial Dutch ancestry. They form one of the largest groups of the Dutch diaspora outside Europe.

Dutch Australians
Nederlandse Australiërs
Total population
  • 335,500 (ancestry)[1]
  • 78,927 (Dutch-born)[2]
Regions with significant populations
Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney[3]
Languages
Australian English, Dutch
Religion
Protestantism, Roman Catholicism
Related ethnic groups
Dutch people

Contents

HistoryEdit

The history of the Dutch and Australia began in 1606 with Captain Willem Janszoon, a Dutch seafarer, who landed on Australian soil, the first European to do so.[4][5]

The Dutch East India Company (VOC) operated mainly from Batavia (modern-day Jakarta). The journey from the Netherlands to the Dutch East Indies would take more than a year by traditional route, but after the discovery of the Roaring Forties by Dutch captain Hendrick Brouwer, the voyage could be cut short by a number of months if navigated properly. However, miscalculations made it easy for ships to become lost on this new course. Some ships (exact figures unknown) travelled too far east and sighted the Australian west coast, and number of them were wrecked on coral reefs and cliffs, known hazards of the "Southland". A few well-known ships wrecked off the coast are the Zuytdorp and the Zeewijk. A notorious example is the wreck of the Batavia on Houtman Abrolhos during her maiden voyage, after which Jeronimus Corneliszoon led a bloody mutiny. Dirk Hartog marked his landing with a pewter plate. The most famous Dutch seafarer to explore the Australian coasts is Abel Tasman, after whom Tasmania was eventually named. Tasman originally named it Van Diemen's Land. With the exception of the east coast, most of the Australian coastline was first charted by Dutch mariners. Australia was thus known as New Holland from the seventeenth until the early-nineteenth century.

20th centuryEdit

 
The 50,000th migrant arrived in 1954

A number of people from the Dutch East Indies (present-day Indonesia) found their way to Australia during World War II and joined Allied forces in the fight against the Japanese. The Dutch East Indies government operated from Australia during the war. Free Dutch Submarines operated out of Fremantle after the invasion of Java. The joint No. 18 and No. 120 RAAF squadrons formed at Canberra, and was a combined Dutch and Australian Squadron. It used B-25 Mitchell bombers, supplied by the Dutch Government before the war. The Netherlands East Indies Forces Intelligence Service (NEFIS) was based in Melbourne during the war.

Post-war settlers in Australia arrived as part of Australia's assisted migration program. Many arrived by sea on the MS Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, while others flew with KLM.

DemographicsEdit

According to 2006 census data released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics, 310,089 people claimed Dutch ancestry, full or partial.[6] and 78,927 people declared they were born in the Netherlands.[2] The level of immigration from the Netherlands has dropped significantly since the 1980s. 79% of Australian residents born in the Netherlands arrived before 1980.[7] The Dutch-born population is also ageing; 52% of the Dutch-born population was aged sixty years old or older in 2006.[7] 26,141 Dutch-born Australians (33%) speak Dutch at home; lots more speak English at home (64%).[7] Proficiency in English was described by census respondents as "very well" by 27%, "well" by 7%, and "not well" by less than 1%.[7] Of Australian residents born in the Netherlands, 59,502 (75%) were Australian citizens.[7] 61% of Dutch-born Australians recorded their religion as Christian, and 29% were irreligious.[7]

Notable Dutch AustraliansEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "ABS Ancestry". 2012.
  2. ^ a b "20680-Country of Birth of Person (full classification list) by Sex – Australia". 2006 Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2 June 2008. Total count of persons: 19,855,288.
  3. ^ "2006 Census Tables". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 June 2007. Retrieved 14 July 2008.
  4. ^ Early Dutch Landfall Discoveries of Australia
  5. ^ Allies in Adversity at the Australian War Memorial
  6. ^ "20680-Ancestry (full classification list) by Sex – Australia". 2006 Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2 June 2008. Total responses: 25,451,383 for total count of persons: 19,855,288.
  7. ^ a b c d e f "2914.0.55.002 2006 Census Ethnic Media Package". Census Dictionary, 2006 (cat.no 2901.0). Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 June 2007. Retrieved 14 July 2008.

Further readingEdit

  • Bureau of Immigration Research (1991) Community profiles, Netherlands born Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. ISBN 0-644-14026-7
  • Duyker, E. (1987) The Dutch in Australia Melbourne: AE Press, Australian ethnic heritage series. ISBN 0-86787-215-2
  • Duyker, E.; York, B. (1994) Exclusions and admissions: the Dutch in Australia, 1902–1946 Canberra: Centre for Immigration and Multicultural Studies. ISBN 0-7315-1913-2
  • Eysbertse, D. (1997) Where waters meet: Bonegilla: the Dutch migrant experience North Brighton: Erasmus Foundation. ISBN 0-646-31005-4
  • Mencke, A.; Van der Schaaf, T. (1979) The distribution of Dutch immigrants in Australia 1947–1976 Thesis (PhD), University of Groningen
  • Peters, N.; Schwarz, N.; Noakes, K. (2003) Transpositions: contextualising recent Dutch Australian art Perth: Art on the Move. ISBN 0-9581859-1-3
  • Peters, N. (2006) The Dutch Down Under, 1606–2006 Crawley, W.A.: University of Western Australia Press. ISBN 1-920694-75-7
  • Schindlmayr, T. (2000) 1996 census: Netherlands born Dept. of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs, Statistics Section. ISBN 0-642-39909-3
  • Zierke, E.; Smid, M.; Snelleman, P. (1997) Old ties, new beginnings: Dutch women in Australia Carrum Downs, Vic. Dutch Care Ltd. ISBN 0-646-30854-8

External linksEdit