This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (April 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Dullstroom, also known as Emnothweni, is a small town in Mpumalanga province, South Africa. The town lies 35 kilometres (22 miles) north of Belfast and some 53 kilometres (33 miles) south-west of Lydenburg. Dullstroom lies within the Highveld plateu that is found in South Africa, and is part of the reason that the climate is so different from the surrounding areas.
Fly-fishing at the Dullstroom dam and nature reserve
|• Total||30.40 km2 (11.74 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2,100 m (6,900 ft)|
|• Density||18/km2 (48/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||8.1%|
|First languages (2011)|
|• S. Ndebele||2.0%|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (SAST)|
|Postal code (street)|
Along with Underberg, it is one of South Africa's premier flyfishing destinations. The town features the highest railway station in South Africa at 2,077 metres (6,814 feet) above sea level as well as at the foot of De Berg, the highest point in the province at 2,332 metres (7,651 feet).
The area was occupied in the mid-19th century by the Southern Ndebele people under the rule of King Mabhoko (called Mapoch by white settlers). Like his son Nyabêla, Mabhoko used Mapoch's Caves as a hideout during conflict with troops of the South African Republic (ZAR). The most violent fighting took place from 1882 to 1883. The nearby Fort Mapoch and a statue of Nyabêla are major attractions in Dullstroom.
Dullstroom was established as the work of a settlement company founded in 1883 by its namesake Dutchman Wolterus Dull, at the invitation of State President of the South African Republic Paul Kruger, to settle Dutch immigrants. Dull, a merchant from Amsterdam, chairman of a committee which rendered assistance to families who had suffered losses during the First Anglo-Boer War. The element stroom, ‘stream’, refers to the Crocodile River nearby. The company purchased the farms Groot Suikerboschkop and Elandslaagte as the nucleus of the fledgling settlement, including housing for the settlers on the former. The village was proclaimed a town by Kruger in Dull's honor in October 9, 1893.
Settlers continued to immigrate from 1884 to 1887. By 1893, the population had reached 48 people in eight houses, served by three stables, ten cattle pens, and a small trading company and store.
While many of the men joined the rebels in the Second Boer War, the women and children were held in the British concentration camp in Belfast. After the Battle of Bergendal, guerrilla fighting continued in the area for a while. During the war, the town was destroyed and most of the settlers returned to the Netherlands.
Some of the residents returned to rebuild the town, however. In 1921, the first city council met. After fly fishing, originally a New England pastime, became popular with the wealthy residents of Johannesburg, properties with trout dams were purchased, which are still used today.
Due to its high elevation (Dullstroom being the highest town in South Africa itself), Dullstroom has a subtropical highland climate (Köppen: Cwb). From October to April, the town sees a significant amount of rainfall (higher than nearby Johannesburg to the west), in contrast with winter, where precipitation lacks.
|Climate data for Dullstroom|
|Average high °C (°F)||22.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||16.5
|Average low °C (°F)||11.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||172
Inspired by the Bavarian Oktoberfest, the annual Ducktober Beer Fest is a beer, food and music festival held in Dullstroom and is the highest beer festival in Southern Africa, at 2100m above sea level. The festival is organised by Proudly Dullstroom and the inaugural event was hosted at The Duck & Trout in September 2017.
The Dullstroom Winter Festival is held every July and brings the whole community together. It also attracts people from all over South Africa. Music by local South African artists is the main attraction. The festival also hosts a kid's zone for young visitors as well as food stalls, artist exhibits, and whisky pairings stands.
The Robert Badenhorst Art Gallery sells South African art from paintings to sculptures.
- "Main Place Dullstroom". Census 2011. Archived from the original on 2019-02-19. Retrieved 2020-04-06.
- "Proudly Dullstroom". www.dullstroom.info. Retrieved Apr 6, 2020.
- "Dictionary of Southern African Place Names (Public Domain)". Human Science Research Council. p. 145. Archived from the original on 2016-03-10. Retrieved 2020-04-06.
- "Climate: Dullstroom". En.Climate-Data.Org. Archived from the original on 6 September 2017. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-10-03. Retrieved 2020-04-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Official website". www.ducktober.co.za. Archived from the original on 2018-12-27. Retrieved 2020-04-04.
- "Music = Life". Dullstroom Winter Festival. 2019-06-22. Retrieved 2020-04-04.
- "Dimitrov Art Gallery in Dullstroom, Mpumalanga". Sa-venues.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-10. Retrieved 2020-04-04.
- "Adriaan Boshoff". Robertbadenhorstgallery.com. Archived from the original on 2019-10-02. Retrieved 2020-04-04.
- "Anvil Brewery". Anvil Brewery. Archived from the original on 2019-03-15. Retrieved 2020-04-04.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dullstroom.|