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Dresden White Diamond

The Dresden White Diamond (also known as Dresden White or the Saxon White) is a 49.71-carat (9.942 g) cushion-cut diamond[1] that probably originated from the Golconda mines in Southern India.[1]

Dresden White
Weight49.71 carats (9.942 g)
Country of origin India
Discovered17th –18th century

The Dresden White's name is derived from Dresden, the capital city of Saxony, Germany, and from the gem's white color.[1]


When the diamond was first shown to Frederick Augustus I, the King of Saxony, he was so captivated by the cut, clarity, and color of the gem that he chose to acquire it at any cost. He supposedly paid somewhere between $750,000 and $1,000,000[clarification needed] for the diamond.[1]

The Green Vault in 2012

In order to house his enormous collection of treasures, he set up the Green Vault in Dresden Castle.[1]

In 1746, goldsmith Jean Jacques Pallard designed the elaborate Golden Fleece ornament for Frederick Augustus and the Dresden White was placed at the top of the design. However, after the end of the Seven Years' War the Golden Fleece was broken up. The Dresden White was then incorporated into a shoulder knot ornament designed around 19 large diamonds and 216 small stones.[2]

After World War I, the items in the Green Vault were put on public display. They remained there until the beginning of World War II, when they were placed back under lock and key. At the height of the war in 1942, the items were transferred to the Königstein Fortress.

In 1945, the Soviet Trophies Commission took the Green Vault contents to Moscow, but safely returned them in 1958.[citation needed] The contents were then placed on display in Dresden's Albertinium, which was built on the same site as the original Dresden museum.

On November 25, 2019, a group of thieves stole much of the jewelry in the Green Vault during the 2019 Dresden heist, including the White Diamond.[3][4]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Dresden White Diamond". Retrieved 2019-11-30.
  2. ^ Balfour, Ian (1987). Famous Diamonds. Collins. p. 76. ISBN 9780004122465.
  3. ^ Givetash, Linda and Carlo Angerer (2019-11-28). "49-carat diamond among nearly 20 jewels stolen in German museum heist". NBC News. Retrieved 2019-11-30.
  4. ^ France-Presse, Agence (2019-11-28). "Police offer €500,000 reward over Dresden diamond heist". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-12-01.