Dresden White Diamond
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|Weight||49.71 carats (9.942 g)|
|Country of origin||India|
|Discovered||17th –18th century|
When the diamond was first shown to Frederick Augustus I, the King of Saxony, he was so captivated by the cut, clarity, and color of the gem that he chose to acquire it at any cost. He supposedly paid somewhere between $750,000 and $1,000,000[clarification needed] for the diamond.
In 1746, goldsmith Jean Jacques Pallard designed the elaborate Golden Fleece ornament for Frederick Augustus and the Dresden White was placed at the top of the design. However, after the end of the Seven Years' War the Golden Fleece was broken up. The Dresden White was then incorporated into a shoulder knot ornament designed around 19 large diamonds and 216 small stones.
After World War I, the items in the Green Vault were put on public display. They remained there until the beginning of World War II, when they were placed back under lock and key. At the height of the war in 1942, the items were transferred to the Königstein Fortress.
In 1945, the Soviet Trophies Commission took the Green Vault contents to Moscow, but safely returned them in 1958. The contents were then placed on display in Dresden's Albertinium, which was built on the same site as the original Dresden museum.
- "Dresden White Diamond". InternetStones.com. Retrieved 2019-11-30.
- Balfour, Ian (1987). Famous Diamonds. Collins. p. 76. ISBN 9780004122465.
- Givetash, Linda and Carlo Angerer (2019-11-28). "49-carat diamond among nearly 20 jewels stolen in German museum heist". NBC News. Retrieved 2019-11-30.
- France-Presse, Agence (2019-11-28). "Police offer €500,000 reward over Dresden diamond heist". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-12-01.
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