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Douglas County, Illinois

Douglas County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,980.[1] The county seat is Tuscola.[2]

Douglas County, Illinois
Douglas County Illinois Courthouse Monument.jpg
Douglas County Courthouse and veterans' memorial
Map of Illinois highlighting Douglas County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded1859
Named forStephen A. Douglas
SeatTuscola
Largest cityTuscola
Area
 • Total417 sq mi (1,080 km2)
 • Land416 sq mi (1,077 km2)
 • Water0.6 sq mi (2 km2), 0.1%
Population
 • (2010)19,980
 • Density48/sq mi (19/km2)
Congressional district15th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5

Contents

HistoryEdit

Douglas County was formed in 1859 out of Coles County. It was named in honor of Stephen A. Douglas,[3] who was elected to the United States Senate in 1858, following the Lincoln-Douglas Debates.

GeographyEdit

 
The west side of the Douglas County courthouse.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 417 square miles (1,080 km2), of which 417 square miles (1,080 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.1%) is water.[4]

Climate and weatherEdit

Tuscola, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.3
 
 
34
18
 
 
2.1
 
 
41
23
 
 
3.1
 
 
53
33
 
 
3.8
 
 
66
42
 
 
4
 
 
76
53
 
 
4.2
 
 
85
62
 
 
4.6
 
 
88
66
 
 
3.7
 
 
86
64
 
 
3.1
 
 
80
56
 
 
2.9
 
 
68
45
 
 
3.7
 
 
52
35
 
 
3.1
 
 
39
24
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Tuscola have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in December 1989 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.12 inches (54 mm) in February to 4.64 inches (118 mm) in July.[5]

Adjacent countiesEdit

Major highwaysEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18607,140
187013,48488.9%
188015,85317.6%
189017,66911.5%
190019,0978.1%
191019,5912.6%
192019,6040.1%
193017,914−8.6%
194017,590−1.8%
195016,706−5.0%
196019,24315.2%
197018,997−1.3%
198019,7744.1%
199019,464−1.6%
200019,9222.4%
201019,9800.3%
Est. 201619,630[6]−1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2014[1]
 
2000 census age pyramid for Douglas County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 19,980 people, 7,720 households, and 5,377 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 48.0 inhabitants per square mile (18.5/km2). There were 8,390 housing units at an average density of 20.1 per square mile (7.8/km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 95.7% white, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 2.3% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 6.1% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 29.6% were German, 12.6% were American, 12.1% were English, and 10.7% were Irish.[12]

Of the 7,720 households, 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.3% were non-families, and 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.11. The median age was 38.7 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $46,941 and the median income for a family was $60,352. Males had a median income of $41,318 versus $28,731 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,438. About 7.1% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.0% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.[13]

CommunitiesEdit

 
Map of Douglas County, Illinois

CitiesEdit

VillagesEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

  • Hugo
  • Kemp

TownshipsEdit

Douglas County is divided into nine townships:

PoliticsEdit

Douglas is a powerfully Republican county. Apart from a narrow plurality of thirty-two votes to Bill Clinton in 1992, it has voted Republican in every Presidential election since 1968, and in all both five overall since 1880. Despite its long-time Republican leanings, Hillary Clinton’s 2016 performance of gaining a mere 23.8 percent of the county’s vote stands over six percent worse than any Democrat since the Civil War.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 69.5% 5,698 23.8% 1,949 6.7% 548
2012 67.3% 5,334 30.7% 2,430 2.0% 157
2008 59.7% 5,005 38.5% 3,228 1.7% 146
2004 66.8% 5,702 32.4% 2,767 0.8% 71
2000 58.1% 4,734 39.4% 3,215 2.5% 203
1996 46.7% 3,272 42.1% 2,955 11.2% 786
1992 40.0% 3,309 40.4% 3,341 19.6% 1,626
1988 57.6% 4,378 41.9% 3,184 0.5% 36
1984 66.1% 5,691 33.5% 2,886 0.3% 27
1980 64.3% 5,330 30.9% 2,564 4.8% 400
1976 54.4% 4,635 44.9% 3,826 0.7% 61
1972 68.7% 5,840 31.2% 2,656 0.1% 10
1968 59.3% 5,058 33.1% 2,824 7.7% 655
1964 47.4% 4,223 52.7% 4,695
1960 62.0% 5,761 38.0% 3,532 0.1% 6
1956 66.7% 5,559 33.3% 2,774 0.1% 6
1952 67.1% 5,530 32.8% 2,706 0.1% 5
1948 58.7% 4,181 40.6% 2,893 0.8% 55
1944 58.3% 4,684 41.4% 3,323 0.4% 28
1940 54.3% 5,451 45.0% 4,513 0.7% 67
1936 47.5% 4,606 51.9% 5,029 0.6% 59
1932 37.7% 3,108 60.2% 4,954 2.1% 174
1928 68.2% 4,890 31.2% 2,239 0.6% 42
1924 55.7% 4,046 31.8% 2,315 12.5% 909
1920 65.2% 4,885 30.8% 2,308 4.0% 298
1916 52.2% 4,564 43.1% 3,768 4.8% 416
1912 31.0% 1,386 36.6% 1,633 32.5% 1,448
1908 55.3% 2,656 39.9% 1,917 4.7% 227
1904 54.8% 2,518 36.7% 1,685 8.5% 392
1900 55.5% 2,733 42.7% 2,106 1.8% 89
1896 54.8% 2,666 44.0% 2,140 1.3% 61
1892 50.5% 2,246 44.9% 1,999 4.6% 204

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 108.
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Tuscola, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-11-01.

External linksEdit