Dotnuva

Dotnuva (formerly Polish: Datnów, Russian: Датновъ, Датново, Датнов, German: Dotnau) is a small town with a 2003 population of 775 in central Lithuania, 10 km northwest of Kėdainiai, in the Kėdainiai district municipality. It is located on the Dotnuvėlė River. The geographical center of Lithuania, in the village of Ruoščiai is only a few kilometers away from the town. There is a Catholic church, former Bernardine monastery, former sawmill and watermill in Dotnuva. The Dotnuva manor is in the nearby town Akademija.

Dotnuva
Town
Dotnuva church
Dotnuva church
Dotnuva is located in Kėdainiai District Municipality
Dotnuva
Dotnuva
Location of Dotnuva
Dotnuva is located in Lithuania
Dotnuva
Dotnuva
Dotnuva (Lithuania)
Coordinates: 55°21′0″N 23°54′0″E / 55.35000°N 23.90000°E / 55.35000; 23.90000Coordinates: 55°21′0″N 23°54′0″E / 55.35000°N 23.90000°E / 55.35000; 23.90000
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionSamogitia
CountyLTU Kauno apskritis flag.svg Kaunas County
MunicipalityKėdainiai district municipality
EldershipDotnuva Eldership
Capital ofDotnuva eldership
First mentioned1372 [1]
Population
 (2011)
 • Total687
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Dotnuva is an important center of agriculture.

HistoryEdit

 
Church of Dotnuva

The first mention of the name Dotnuva was in 1372. The Dotnuva estate was known from the 16th century. In 1636 the first wooden church was built. The Brzostowski family, the owners of surrounding land and town, invited Bernardines from Vilnius and in 1701, a Bernardine monastery was established in the town. The monastery was begun to be built in 1768 and the church in 1773–1810. This monastery also kept the primary school similar to the other Bernardine monasteries. The school was opened in 1796 and in beginning of the 19th century grew to the level of high school (gymnasium). But as the monks got involved in the 1831 Uprising against Russian rule, the school was closed in 1836.

The town has a long history of farming education. In 1911-1914 Pyotr Stolypin founded the farming school in the old estate. A new building for this school was built (destroyed in 1944). In 1924 Dotnuva Agricultural College was founded in Dotnuva estate, these days called Akademija. On 26 February 1947, the first kolkhoz in Lithuania – the Marytės Melninkaitės kolūkis – was established nearby.[2]

From 1956 till 1996 Dotnuva held the status of city but later was declared as a town.[3]

DemographyEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1833432—    
1865494+0.42%
1897616+0.69%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1923491−0.87%
19591,135+2.35%
19701,008−1.07%
YearPop.±% p.a.
19741,200+4.46%
19761,200+0.00%
1979990−6.21%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1989867−1.32%
2001775−0.93%
2011687−1.20%
Source: 1902, 1923, 1959 & 1970, 1979, 1989, 2001, 2011

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Akademija, žemdirbių Lietuvos sostinė". Veidas. 7 May 2016.
  2. ^ Tarybų Lietuvos enciklopedija (in Lithuanian). 1. Vilnius: Vyriausioji enciklopedijų redakcija. 1985. p. 446-447.
  3. ^ [1]