Dorymyrmex (also known as cone ants or pyramid ants) is a genus of ants in the subfamily Dolichoderinae.

D. brunneus tending scale insects for honeydew
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Tribe: Leptomyrmecini
Genus: Dorymyrmex
Mayr, 1866
Type species
Dorymyrmex flavescens
Mayr, 1866
60 species

Ammomyrma Santschi, 1922
Araucomyrmex Gallardo, 1919
Biconomyrma Kusnezov, 1952
Conomyrma Forel, 1913
Psammomyrma Forel, 1912
Spinomyrma Kusnezov, 1952

Distribution and habitat edit

This genus has a strictly American distribution, inhabiting in the Nearctic and Neotropical regions and containing 60 species, several undescribed. Despite being considered by many ant collectors as "road side weeds", several species of Dorymyrmex shown a high degree of endemicity, specialized habitat preferences, and varied population structure. Some species may serve as potential agents of biological control of annual crop pests. Species of Dorymyrmex nest preferentially in dry or disturbed habitats, generally in soil without vegetation cover. Several species are known to attend aphids and other hemipterous insects. Such behavior is common in other Dolichoderinae genera and related subfamilies.[2]

Species edit

References edit

  1. ^ Bolton, B. (2014). "Dorymyrmex". AntCat. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
  2. ^ Cuezzo, F.; Guerrero, R. J. (2012). "The Ant Genus Dorymyrmex Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Dolichoderinae) in Colombia". Psyche: A Journal of Entomology. 2012: 1–24. doi:10.1155/2012/516058. hdl:11336/69947.

External links edit