Dorayd bin Al Soma

Dorayd bin Al Summah or Duraid son of As-Simmah (Arabic: دريد بن الصمة) was a pre-Islamic warrior, knight and poet of the Hawazin tribe. He was also the chief of the Banu Jusham bin Sa'd,[1] or the modern day Al-Qthami clan of the tribe of Otaibah. Historians have cited that he contributed to more than a hundred battles for his tribe. By the time of the rise of Islam, he was already an old man and remained a pagan.[2][1]

Dorayd bin Al Summah
Born6th century
DiedJanuary 630
FatherMuawiyah ibn al-Harith al-Khuza'i al-Jashmi
MotherRehana bin Maad Yarib
OccupationPoet, knight

Pedigree of Dorayd bin Al SomaEdit

Dorayd bin Al Soma (Muawiyah) bin Al-Harith bin Muawiyah bin Bakr bin Alqa bin Khuza'ah bin Ghazieh bin Jashem bin Saad bin Bakr bin Hawazen[1]

His attributesEdit

Dorayd bin Al Summah is a brave knight and poet, and Muhammad bin Salam Al-Jumahi made him the first poet of the knights. He was the longest war poet, and Abu Ubaidah said: Dorayd bin Al Summah was the leader of Banu Jashem bin Saad, their knight and their leader, and participated in about a hundred battles, he did not lose in one of them, and he heard about Islam but did not embrace it, and participated in the Battle of Hunayn.


Duraid had four brothers: Abdullah, who was killed by Ghatafan, Abd Yaghoth, who was killed by Banu Murra, Qais, who was killed by Banu Abi Bakr Ibn Kilab, and Khalid, who was killed by Banu al-Harith Ibn Ka’b. Their mother is Rehana, the daughter of Ma’dikarb al-Zubaidi, the sister of Amr ibn Ma’dikarb

His story with KhansaEdit

In his old age, he proposed marriage to the poet Al-Khansa. According to the Kitab al-Aghani, she sent a slave woman to watch him urinate, saying "If his urine cuts into the ground, he has got something left in him; but if his urine trickles over the surface, there's no zip in him." The slave woman observed only a weak stream of urine, so Al-Khansa refused his offer of marriage.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Abi Hatem Sahl bin Muhammad Al-Sijistani. almueamirun walwasaya (in Arabic). p. 8.
  2. ^ بن أيوب الحميري, عبد الملك بن هشام. "مقتل دريد بن الصمة".
  3. ^ Jones, Alan (2011). Early Arabic Poetry: Select Poems. Ithaca Press. p. ix. ISBN 9780863723872.