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Dōngfāng (simplified Chinese: 东方; traditional Chinese: 東方; literally: "the East") is one of the seven county-level cities of Hainan province, China. Although called a "city", Dongfang refers to a large land area in Hainan - an area which was once a county. Within this area is the main city, Dongfang City. It is located on the western coast of Hainan Island facing Vietnam across the Gulf of Tonkin, and in 2004 had a population of 435,000.

Dongfang
东方市
County-level city
Map showing entire Qionghai area within Hainan province
Map showing entire Qionghai area within Hainan province
Coordinates: 19°06′N 108°39′E / 19.100°N 108.650°E / 19.100; 108.650Coordinates: 19°06′N 108°39′E / 19.100°N 108.650°E / 19.100; 108.650
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hainan
Township-level divisions 8 towns
2 townships
Municipal seat Basuo
Area
 • Total 2,256 km2 (871 sq mi)
Elevation 11 m (35 ft)
Population
 • Total 435,000
 • Density 190/km2 (500/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 572600
Area code(s) 0898
Licence plates D
Website dongfang.hainan.gov.cn

As all county-level units, Dongfang is administratively divided into township-level units (see the list). The main urban area of Dongfang (i.e., what used to be called "the county seat", when Dongfang was a county) is the town of Basuo.

The former county of Ganen (postal: Kumyan, Kanem or Kamyan) is now part of the city.

Contents

Geography and climateEdit

Dongfang has a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen Aw).[1] Monsoonal influences are strong, and the two seasons are the wet season and the dry season (November to April), when very little rainfall occurs. Rainfall is heaviest and most frequent from August to October, when typhoons may strike, and averages an annual total of 950 mm (37.4 in), far lower than much of the island. January through March features the highest relative humidity levels of the year, while May through August is very sunny, consistently averaging above 60% of possible sunshine. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 46% in February to 67% in May, the city receives 2,558 hours of sunshine annually, a level not seen in the southern half of China outside of Tibet. The average low temperature remains above 26.0 °C (78.8 °F) from June to August.


Administrative divisionsEdit

Dongfang administers eight towns and two townships:[2]

Towns:

Townships:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). Updated Asian Map of the Köppen climate classification system. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633-1644.
  2. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:东方市 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Archived from the original on 2012-07-03. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 

External linksEdit