Australian House of Representatives Division
|Area||519 km2 (200.4 sq mi)|
The division has always been represented by the Australian Labor Party, except following the 2002 by-election when the Greens won the seat; being the first time that the Greens held a seat in the House of Representatives. Labor recovered the seat at the 2004 federal election. The Illawarra is one of the few non-metropolitan regions where Labor has consistently done well.
Its most prominent members have been Rex Connor, a senior minister in the Whitlam government, and Stephen Martin, who was Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives from 1993–1996, during the last term of the Keating government. The sitting member, since the 2022 federal election, is Alison Byrnes, a member of the Australian Labor Party.
Since 1984, federal electoral division boundaries in Australia have been determined at redistributions by a redistribution committee appointed by the Australian Electoral Commission. Redistributions occur for the boundaries of divisions in a particular state, and they occur every seven years, or sooner if a state's representation entitlement changes or when divisions of a state are malapportioned.
The division is located on the coast of New South Wales between southern Sydney and Wollongong. It takes in the northern portion of Wollongong, including Corrimal, Figtree and Unanderra. It also includes several of Sydney's outer southern suburbs, including Heathcote and Bundeena. The division covers areas east of the Illawarra escarpment and is bounded by the Tasman Sea to the east. It is bounded to the north by the Royal National Park and to the south by the Wollongong suburbs of Figtree, Cordeaux Heights and Coniston. Although the region is primarily rural, the vast majority of the population is located in the northern outskirts of Wollongong and along the eastern seaboard. The main products and means of livelihood in the area are tourism, tertiary education, steel production, coal mining, brick manufacturing, textiles and dairy farming.
|Labor||10 December 1949 –
17 February 1956
|Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Wollongong-Kembla. Died in office|
|Labor||1 April 1956 –
1 November 1963
|Labor||30 November 1963 –
22 August 1977
|Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Wollongong-Kembla. Served as minister under Whitlam. Died in office|
|Labor||15 October 1977 –
8 February 1993
|Served as minister under Hawke. Lost preselection and retired|
|Dr Stephen Martin
|Labor||13 March 1993 –
16 August 2002
|Previously held the Division of Macarthur. Served as Speaker during the Keating Government. Resigned to retire from politics|
|Greens||19 October 2002 –
9 October 2004
|Labor||9 October 2004 –
11 April 2022
|Served as minister under Gillard and Rudd. Retired|
|Alison Byrnes||Labor||21 May 2022 –
|One Nation||Thomas Grogan||5,218||5.13||+5.13|
|United Australia||Ben Britton||4,936||4.85||+1.05|
|Liberal Democrats||Michael Glover||2,207||2.17||+2.17|
|Australian Citizens||Alexis Garnaut-Miller||1,098||1.08||+1.08|
|Total formal votes||101,671||94.86||+0.56|
- Muller, Damon (14 November 2017). "The process of federal redistributions: a quick guide". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
- Cunningham, NSW, 2022 Tally Room, Australian Electoral Commission.
- Division of Cunningham - Australian Electoral Commission
- Wilson, Peter (2002). The Australian Political Almanack.