The dissolution of the monasteries in Portugal was a nationalization of the property of male monastic orders effected by a decree of 28 May 1834 enacted by Joaquim António de Aguiar at the conclusion of the Portuguese Civil War. Portugal thus terminated the State sanction of masculine religious orders, and nationalized the lands and possessions of over 500 monasteries. The new government hoped to distribute land and goods in the hands among the poorer landowners, but there were few who could buy.
- Cambridge University Library: The Great Collections - Page 141 Peter Fox - 1998 "Portugal dissolved all its monasteries in 1834 ..."
- Eltjo Buringh Medieval Manuscript Production in the Latin West 2011- Page 218 "In Portugal, the decree of 28 May 1834 led to the dissolution of at least 500 monasteries, in a country that had one of the highest densities of ..."
- H. V. Livermore Portugal: A Traveller's History 2004- Page 30 "Its most dramatic act was the dissolution of the monasteries enacted by J J de Aguiar in May 1834. In the England of Henry VIII the seizure had greatly enriched the aristocracy, but in the Portugal of Maria II there were few who could buy: the ..."