Joaquim António de Aguiar

Joaquim António de Aguiar (Coimbra, 24 August 1792 – Lisbon, 26 May 1884) was a Portuguese politician. He held several relevant political posts during the Portuguese constitutional monarchy, namely as leader of the Cartists and later of the Partido Regenerador (English: Regenerator Party). He was three times prime minister of Portugal: between 1841 and 1842, in 1860 and finally from 1865 to 1868, when he entered a coalition with the Partido Progressista (English: Progressist Party), in what became known as the Governo de Fusão (English: Fusion Government).

Joaquim António de Aguiar
Joaquim António de Aguiar.jpg
Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
4 September 1865 – 4 January 1868
MonarchLuís I
Preceded byBernardo de Sá Nogueira de Figueiredo
Succeeded byAntónio José de Ávila
In office
1 May 1860 – 4 July 1860
MonarchPedro V
Preceded byAntónio Severim de Noronha
Succeeded byNuno José de Moura Barreto
In office
9 June 1841 – 7 February 1842
MonarchsMaria II and Fernando II
Preceded byJosé Travassos Valdez
Succeeded byPedro de Sousa Holstein
Personal details
Born(1792-08-24)24 August 1792
Coimbra, Kingdom of Portugal
Died26 May 1884(1884-05-26) (aged 91)
Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal
Political partyRegenerator Party
Progressist

He also served as minister of justice during the regency of Peter IV and in that capacity issued the 30 May 1834 law which extinguished "all convents, monasteries, colleges, hospices and any other houses of the regular religious orders". Their vast patrimony was taken over by the Portuguese State and incorporated into the Fazenda Nacional (the National Exchequer). This law and its anti-ecclesiastical spirit earned Joaquim António de Aguiar the nickname "O Mata-Frades" (English: "The Friar-Killer").

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Political offices
Preceded by Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the
Council of Ministers)

1841–1842
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the
Council of Ministers)

1860
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the
Council of Ministers)

1865–1868
Succeeded by