Dionysius bar Salibi
Dionysius bar Salibi (d. 1171) was Syriac Orthodox writer and bishop, who served as metropolitan of Amid, in Upper Mesopotamia, from 1166 to 1171. He was one of the most prominent and prolific writers within the Syriac Orthodox Church during the twelfth century.
He was a native of Malatia, on the upper Euphrates. His baptismal name was Jacob. He assumed name 'Dionysius' upon consecration to the episcopate. In 1154 he was created bishop of Marash by the patriarch Athanasius VII bar Qatra; a year later the diocese of Mabbug was added to his charge. In 1166, new patriarch Michael the Great, the successor of Athanasius, transferred him to the metropolitan see of Amid in Mesopotamia, and there he remained till his death in 1171.
Of his writings probably the most important are his exhaustive commentaries on the text of the Old and New Testaments, in which he skillfully interwove and summarized the interpretations of previous writers such as Ephrem the Syrian, Chrysostom, Cyril of Alexandria, Moses Bar-Kepha and John of Dara, whom he mentions together in the preface to his commentary on St Matthew. Among his other main works are a treatise against heretics, containing inter alia a polemic against the Jews and the Muslims; liturgical treatises, epistles and homilies.
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- Ebied, Rifaat Y.; Malki, Malatius M.; Wickham, Lionel R., eds. (2020). Dionysius Bar Ṣalībī’s Treatise Against the Jews: Edited and Translated with Notes and Commentary. Leiden: Brill.
- Fiey, Jean Maurice (1993). Pour un Oriens Christianus Novus: Répertoire des diocèses syriaques orientaux et occidentaux. Beirut: Orient-Institut.
- Griffith, Sidney H. (1987). "Dionysius bar Salibi on the Muslims". IV Symposium Syriacum 1984. Roma: Pontificium Institutum Studiorum Orientalium. pp. 353–365.
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- Rabo, Gabriel (2015). "Dionysius Jacob Bar Ṣalibi's Confession of the Syrian Orthodox Faith" (PDF). Hekamtho: Syrian Orthodox Theological Journal. 1 (1): 20–39.
- Teule, Herman G. B. (2009). "Reflections on Identity: The Suryoye of the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries: Bar Salibi, Bar Shakko, and Barhebraeus". Church History and Religious Culture. 89 (1–3): 179–189.
- Dionysius bar Salibi, In Apocalypsim, Actus et Epistulas Catholicas, trans. I. Sedlacek, Romae : Karolus de Luigi (1909).
- Dionysius bar Salibi: Commentary on the Apocalypse
- Dionysius Syrus (=Dionysius Bar Salibi): Commentary on Revelation (extracts). Hermathena, vol. 6 (1888) pp. 397-418, vol. 7 (1890) pp. 137-150; The Expositor 7th series, vol. 1 (1906), pp. 481-495.