Dina and Clarenza
This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)
Dina and Clarenza, two Messinese women, were heroines who, in legend, opposed the assaults of the Angevin forces.
The Vespers rebellion, begun in Palermo on Easter Monday, 30 March 1282, outside the Church of the Holy Spirit, spread quickly all over the island. Charles I of Anjou tried in vain to put down the uprising with the promise of many reforms. Finally he decided to intervene militarily. With 75,000 men and two hundred ships, in late May 1282 he landed between Catona and Gallico (north of Reggio), on the coast of Calabria opposite Messina, to begin the siege of Messina and to block the flow of support from Reggio to the Sicilian city. The city of the Strait was being governed by Alaimo da Lentini. He was made Captain of the People and organized the resistance in the city.
Charles laid siege to Messina in vain until September, and in his attempt to conquer and occupy the city he spared no civilians, not old people, nor women, nor children. The city, although in its turn exhausted by the siege, repelled the continual attacks with the participation of the whole population.
During the night of 8 August there was a sneak attack by a combined Italian-French Guelph force on the city. Charles's troops tried to invade the city from the hills.
The two women were standing guard on the wall. As soon as they saw the enemies, they did all they could to repel the attack. While Dina continually hurled rocks down on the enemy soldiers, Clarenza rang the bells in the campanile of the Duomo, from which she awakened the whole city. Thus the Messinese rushed to the defense of their city and repelled the attack.
The heroines have become symbols of courage and of the Messinese civilians' devotion to their city. Today, Dina and Clarenza are found portrayed in Messina at Palazzo Zanca (the city hall) and on the campanile of the Duomo. The 4th Ward (formerly the 8th Quarter) of Messina, the oldest and central part of the city, is named for them.
- Runciman, Steven (2012). The Sicilian Vespers: A History of the Mediterranean World in the Later Thirteenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 225. ISBN 9781107604742.
- Giovanni Molonia (ed.), Il quartiere ottavo di Messina: Centro storico Dina e Clarenza. Messina: EDAS, 1994, ISBN 88-7820-091-3.
- Gustavo Chiesi (1892). La Sicilia illustrata nella storia, nell'arte, nei paesi [Sicily, Illustrated by its History, Art, and Countryside] (in Italian). E. Sonzogno. p. 446. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
- Fulvio Mazza (2007). Messina: storia, cultura, economia [Messina: History, Culture, Economy] (in Italian). Luciano Catalioto. p. 92. ISBN 978-88-498-1953-3. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
- Dana Facaros; Michael Pauls (2008). Sicily. New Holland Publishers. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-86011-397-0. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
- Rough Guides (16 May 2017). The Rough Guide to Sicily. Rough Guides. p. 249. ISBN 978-0-241-31269-8. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
- Joseph Farrell (19 June 2014). Sicily: A Cultural History. Interlink Publishing Group, Incorporated. p. 122. ISBN 978-1-62371-050-7. Retrieved 12 August 2017.