Dick Ponzi (born 26 March 1934) is an American winemaker, a pioneer of the Oregon wine industry and the Oregon brewing industry, and the founder of Ponzi Vineyards, one of the Willamette Valley's founding wineries.[nb 1] He also had a successful career as a structural engineer. Ponzi is regarded as an enological and viticultural innovator. He was a founding member and the first president of the Oregon Winegrowers Association and a founding director of the Oregon Wine Board. He and his wife also established Oregon's first craft brewery, Bridgeport Brewing Company.
|Alma mater||University of Michigan|
Ponzi is the third son of immigrants from Campotosto, Italy, who settled in Michigan, where Ponzi was raised. As a child, his parents would purchase grapes from California every year and then the community would gather together to make wine. As an adult, he moved to California to work in the aerospace industry. It was there that he met his wife, Nancy, whom he married in 1961. After a trip to Europe, the couple returned to their home in Los Gatos, California, and made wine inspired by what they had experienced. This led to their decision to move their family north to the Willamette Valley of Oregon.
Ponzi had a successful career as a structural engineer in California, initially designing rockets and fighter jets for United Technologies and later working as a ride developer for a company contracted by Disneyland.
In 1988, Ponzi designed and built the Weather Machine, a lumino-kinetic bronze sculpture and machine located in Pioneer Courthouse Square in Portland, Oregon. Built in collaboration with Roger Sheppard and Jere and Ray Grimm, the Weather Machine "predicts" the weather everyday at noon by displaying a sun (sunny), a heron (drizzle) or a dragon (stormy).
After several research trips to Burgundy, Ponzi moved his family to the Willamette Valley and purchased 20 acres of land southwest of Portland, Oregon, in 1969. He established Ponzi Vineyards in 1970 with his wife, Nancy. At the time, there were just four other wineries in the state. The location was close to Portland, an important factor as they expected the city to be their main market. In 1974, they produced their first vintage of 100 cases of Pinot noir and quickly became known as innovators in enology and viticulture, fabricating their own machinery (such as a destemmer that knocked grapes off of the clusters without crushing them) and developing new winemaking techniques. Much of the machinery and techniques were adopted by other wineries and are still commonly used.
The Ponzis planted a two-acre plot of Pinot noir clones in 1975 in a joint venture with Oregon State University to test the clones. In 1981, they purchased a 20-acre parcel that included these two acres, creating their Abetina vineyard (named for the fir trees on the property). The same year they purchased 10 acres downslope from Abetina, which became the Madrona vineyard. Eight acres on the Madrona site were planted with Pinot noir in 1985.
In 1991, the Ponzis purchased the 65-acre Aurora vineyard, which included plantings that were used to study stocks, varieties and clones.
Ponzi passed the title of Winemaker to his daughter, Luisa, in 1993.
In 2008, Ponzi designed and built a four-level, gravity-flow winery measuring 30,000 square feet. It is noted for its eco-friendliness and high level of sustainability. Ponzi's vineyards are LIVE (Low Input Viticulture & Enology) certified.
While building his wine business, Ponzi took a job teaching engineering at the Community College of Portland. It was there that he met a textbook salesman who was also growing grapes for wine. The salesman was David Lett, founder of The Eyrie Vineyards. He sold Ponzi some of his first vines and connected Ponzi to Dick Erath of Erath Winery, who was also just starting out. Ponzi continued to teach for fifteen years, out of necessity to keep the winery going.
Dick and Nancy Ponzi also founded Oregon's first craft brewery, Bridgeport Brewing Company, in 1984, a move which is credited with launching the area's craft brewing craze and helping to popularize India Pale Ale in the United States. They sold the brewery in 1995 to The Gambrinus Company.
Ponzi was a founding member and the first president of the Oregon Winegrowers Association and served as a founding director of the Oregon Wine Advisory Board, now known as the Oregon Wine Board. The couple also opened the Ponzi Wine Bar (a wine tasting room) and The Dundee Bistro (a restaurant focused on Willamette Valley cuisine) in Dundee, Oregon.
Ponzi's vision was to create a Burgundy-style wine; however, when he attempted to do so using Burgundian methods of adding whole bunches or stems, the results were disappointing. He discovered the problem wasn't in the method, but in how gently the method was applied.
By the 1980s, Ponzi had developed a winemaking protocol that became widely adopted by other wineries in the region. It was a very gentle handling method that used whole berries or whole clusters. The must was carried in buckets to the wine press rather than pumped. In 1985, he began allowing grapes to soak before fermentation, a technique that became popular in Burgundy and in other New World wine regions in the 1990s.
In the 1990s, Oregon began gaining prominence as a producer of quality wine, with the state's best Pinot noirs from vineyards such as Beaux Frères, Argyle and Archery Summit displaying influence from Ponzi's winemaking style.
Ponzi married Nancy Berry in 1961 in California.
The entire family was involved in the vineyards and winemaking from the start, with the Ponzi children helping after school and on weekends. Once grown, the children pursued other interests: Anna Maria worked in the magazine business on the East Coast before returning to the winery in 1992; Luisa attended Portland State University and prepared for medical school, returning to the family business in 1990 and deciding to learn winemaking. She went on to train in Burgundy, France, and earn a degree in viticulture and enology. In 1993, Dick Ponzi passed the title and duties of Winemaker to her.
Ponzi was a founding member and the first president of the Oregon Winegrowers Association.
He served as founding director of the Oregon Wine Advisory Board in 1987.
Awards and recognitionEdit
In 2005, the American Center for Wine, Food and the Arts awarded Ponzi Vintner of the Year.
In 2007, the Oregon Wine Board awarded Dick and Nancy Ponzi a Lifetime Achievement Award.
Ponzi's Pinot noirs have been ranked among the best American Pinot noirs produced.
Ponzi's background in engineering enabled him to fabricate his own equipment and develop techniques that are now considered commonplace in many wineries around the world, such as using gravity to move wine.
Michael G. Etzel—winemaker at Beaux Frères Winery, co-owned by his brother-in-law Robert Parker, Jr.—worked with Ponzi for the 1988 through 1992 vintages and describes Ponzi as his mentor, stating that he makes his wines as Ponzi taught him. Beaux Frères Winery is one of Oregon's most prominent Pinot noir producers.[nb 2]
In 1985, Ponzi was among a group that authored a bill that led to the legalization of brewpubs and tasting rooms in Oregon.
- The other three founding wineries are Charles Coury Winery (closed in 1978), Erath Winery, and The Eyrie Vineyards.
- "[Ponzi] is and was my wine mentor. Fundamentally, I make my wines the way he taught me."
- "While the close-knit character of Oregon's pioneer winegrowing group in the 1970s and 1980s birthed many mutual influences on style and method, it can be argued that Ponzi more than any other is responsible for the combination of generosity and high-toned elegance that typifies the majority of Oregon pinots today."
- "The Ten Most Important American Wines". American Heritage. January 1997.
- D.J. (September 25, 2017). "Oregon's Wine & Beer Pioneers: A Conversation with Dick & Nancy Ponzi - Founders of Ponzi Vineyards & Bridgeport Brewing". Brewpublic.
- "Charles J Coury (1931-2004) Charles Coury Winery, Vineyards & Nursery". Oregon Wine History.
- "Ponzi: Establishing a Style". Wine Spectator. September 15, 2003.
- Cole, Katherine (November 20, 2014). "Oregon's Ponzi Vineyards - A Family Success". Wine-Searcher.
- Linfield College, "Dick & Nancy Ponzi: Ponzi Vineyards" (2010). Bringing Vines to the Valley Exhibit. Image. Submission 12. http://digitalcommons.linfield.edu/vines_gallery/12/
- Dick., Rosano (2000). Wine heritage : the story of Italian American vintners. San Francisco: Wine Appreciation Guild. pp. 104, 215. ISBN 1891267132. OCLC 45615390.
- "Dick & Nancy Ponzi: Founders of Collina del Sogno". Portland Interview Magazine. September 9, 2013.
- "Roger Patrick Sheppard". The Oregonian. January 20, 2013.
- "Pioneer Courthouse Square". Urban Digest. March 16, 2017.
- Randall, Barbara Smith (2017). Willamette Valley Wineries. Charleston, S.C.: Arcadia Publishing. pp. 19, 37, 40. ISBN 978-1467126298. OCLC 975456263.
- Harbarger, Molly (May 23, 2015). "Pinot noir 50th anniversary: Beer, bootstraps built Ponzi Vineyards success". The Oregonian.
- Haeger, John Winthrop (2004). North American pinot noir. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 356–357. ISBN 9780520930940. OCLC 57516674.
- Ponzi, Nancy; Ponzi, Dick (22 May 2016). "Nancy and Dick Ponzi Interview". Oregon Pinot Camp Interviews.
- Busch, Pamela S. (May 27, 2011). "Ponzi's pinot put Willamette Valley on the map". SFExaminer.
- "Ponzi Vineyards Photos Historical Note". Linfield College.
- "Dick and Nancy Ponzi Interview Transcript". Oregon Wine Archives. Oregon Wine History Project: 2, 5. July 2010.
- Perdue, Andy (June 25, 2015). "45 years in, Ponzi Vineyards still pushing innovation". Great Northwest Wine.
- Perdue, Andy (May 13, 2016). "Oregon's Ponzi Vineyards has kept it in the family for nearly 50 years". The Seattle Times.
- Yaeger, Brian (2014). Oregon Breweries (First ed.). Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. pp. xii, 4. ISBN 9780811712118. OCLC 885983564.
- "People Who Made a Difference". Wine Spectator. Anniversary Issue: Twenty Years in Wine. April 30, 1996.
- "Past Oregon Wine Industry Award Recipients" (PDF). Oregon Wine Board.
- Baiocchi, Talia (February 4, 2011). "Oregon: The Pioneers of Pinot Noir". Eater.
- Fish, Tim; Steiman, Harvey (April 17, 2017). "Exclusive: French Wine Firm Henriot Buys Majority Stake in Oregon's Beaux Frères". Wine Spectator.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dick Ponzi.|
- Oral History Interview with Dick Ponzi 2015, by Linfield College Archives (video)( Page will play audio when loaded)