Detva (Hungarian: Gyetva) is a town in central Slovakia with a population of 14,686. It is situated beneath the mountain Poľana.

Detva
Town
Panorama of the city
Panorama of the city
Coat of arms of Detva
Detva is located in Banská Bystrica Region
Detva
Detva
Location of Detva in the Banská Bystrica Region
Detva is located in Slovakia
Detva
Detva
Detva (Slovakia)
Coordinates: 48°33′05″N 19°25′06″E / 48.55139°N 19.41833°E / 48.55139; 19.41833Coordinates: 48°33′05″N 19°25′06″E / 48.55139°N 19.41833°E / 48.55139; 19.41833
CountrySlovakia
RegionBanská Bystrica
DistrictDetva
Government
 • MayorJán Šufliarský
Area
 • Total68.08[2] km2 (26.29[2] sq mi)
Elevation
474[3] m (1,555[3] ft)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total13,847[1]
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
962 12[3]
Area code(s)+421 45[3]
Car plateDT
Websitewww.detva.sk

EtymologyEdit

The name means 'youth' in Slovak and was probably motivated by the majority of young people among the first settlers.[5]

HistoryEdit

Detva was created as a village of bondage in a deep-forested area belonging to Zvolenská Slatina and Očová upon instruction of the owner of the Vígľaš dominion Ladislav Čáky resp. Ladislaus Csáky in 1636-1638. The first settlers were coal producers from Ľubietová, followed by Walachian-type settlers from northern and eastern parts of Slovakia and immigrants from other surrounding villages. In 1787, Ján Vagač founded the first known manufactory producing bryndza cheese. The settlement became an oppidum (market town) in 1811 and a town in 1965. In 1996 the town of Detva became the seat of new Detva district.

It was developed as a large newly cleared land and this character has been preserved up to present, despite the fact that a part of the newly cleared lands were separated from Detva - Hriňová (before 1863), Detvianska Huta (in ?), Korytárky (in 1955; part of Kriváň until 1993) and Kriváň (in 1955). Logging and wood processing, sheep breeding and peasantry had been the main source of bread and butter of the Detvans. Hard living conditions at distant isolated newly cleared lands and self-sufficiency in providing of basic living needs determined the formation of the original material and spiritual culture of local inhabitants and thanks to this Detva had become one of the symbols of the modern Slovak nation.

In 1955 Detva experienced a significant change. A factory for military machinery and strategic constructions was built in the town's woods for security purposes. This factory, called Podpolianske strojárne Detva (PPS) at that time, produced UNC machinery, aka "Universal" on Western European markets. Machinery such as front loaders and skid steer loaders used to reach an annual production of 4,000. The factory enlarged the population of Detva from 3,500 to over 12,000, employing over 70% of Detva's population. However, after the Velvet Revolution and the split of Czechoslovakia, infamous illegal and non-transparent privatization, typical of then Central and Eastern European states, took place. Detva's PPS factory had to put its production on halt and to downsize its workforce from 8,000 in 1993 to 1,000 in 2005.

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2001 census, the town had 15,122 inhabitants. 96.11% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 1.75% Roma, and 0.75% Czechs.[6] The religious make-up was 78.03% Roman Catholics, 13.11% people with no religious affiliation and 4.47% Lutherans.[6]

NeighborhoodsEdit

  • Detva (proper)
  • Detva - sídlisko
  • Kostolná
  • Krné
  • Piešť I
  • Piešť II
  • Skliarovo
  • Zapriechody

NotabilityEdit

Twin towns — sister citiesEdit

Detva is twinned with:[7]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Počet obyvateľov podľa pohlavia - obce (ročne)". www.statistics.sk (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2022-03-31. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  2. ^ a b "Hustota obyvateľstva - obce [om7014rr_ukaz: Rozloha (Štvorcový meter)]". www.statistics.sk (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2022-03-31. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  3. ^ a b c d "Základná charakteristika". www.statistics.sk (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2015-04-17. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  4. ^ a b "Hustota obyvateľstva - obce". www.statistics.sk (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2022-03-31. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  5. ^ Krajčovič, Rudolf (2008). "Z lexiky stredovekej slovenčiny s výkladmi názvov obcí a miest (8)". Kultúra slova. Martin: Vydavateľstvo Matice slovenskej (3): 167.
  6. ^ a b "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2007-11-16. Retrieved 2007-12-15.
  7. ^ "Partnerské mesto". detva.sk (in Slovak). Detva. Retrieved 2019-09-08.

Genealogical resourcesEdit

The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Banska Bystrica, Slovakia"

  • Roman Catholic church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1662-1905 (parish A)

External linksEdit