Destroyer (Marvel Comics)
The Destroyer is the name of three fictional superheroes appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. One of the earliest creations of major comics-industry figure Stan Lee, the original incarnation first appeared in the 1940s during what historians and fans call the Golden Age of comic books.
Mystic Comics #6 (Oct. 1941)
Invaders #18 (July 1977)
Invaders #14 (March 1977)
Invaders #26 (March 1978)
Stan Lee (writer)
(Falsworth & Aubrey)
Roy Thomas (writer)
Frank Robbins (artist)
|Alter ego||- Kevin "Keen" Marlow|
- Brian Falsworth
- Roger Aubrey
|Abilities||Peak human physical condition,|
Skilled fighter and marksman
Super-Soldier Formula enhanced physical abilities
Modern incarnations created by Roy Thomas and Frank Robbins appeared in Invaders #18 (July 1977), and Invaders #26 (March 1978). The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe clarifies that all three versions of the character are considered canon.
Golden Age publicationsEdit
The Destroyer first appeared as the cover subject and in a story in Mystic Comics #6 (Oct. 1941), from Marvel Comics' predecessor Timely Comics. One of the World War II-era heroes of what fans and historians call the Golden Age of Comic Books, the character was one of the first co-created by Marvel writer-editor Stan Lee. The artist co-creator is uncertain: the story penciler-inker was Jack Binder, but the cover artist, who may have drawn the character first, was Alex Schomburg.
In 1997, comics historian and former Marvel editor-in-chief Roy Thomas wrote that "Stan's most popular superhero creation before the Fantastic Four was the Destroyer." However, a 2019 book by Thomas and Kurt Mitchell described the Destroyer as "a Stan Lee-written mash-up of Captain America's origin and Blazing Skull's setting notable largely for its hero's eerie grey-and-red costume."
According to Jess Nevins' Encyclopedia of Golden Age Superheroes, "He fights a variety of villains, from ordinary Axis agents to Dr. Dragon to Satan and Madam Satan to the Japanese villain the Face."
The Destroyer ran as the cover feature of Mystic #6 and of the remaining four issues of that 10-issue superhero anthology, and while less popular than the company's Captain America, the Human Torch, and the Sub-Mariner, he went on to star in issues of nearly every Timely superhero comic-book series — becoming the company's most-published character outside of those three stars and the Angel.
The Destroyer stood out from other wartime heroes in that he operated solely within occupied Europe. Artists associated with the feature include pencilers Al Gabriele and Mike Sekowsky, and inkers Vince Alascia and Allen Bellman. Comic-book giant Jack Kirby contributed the Destroyer cover of Mystic Comics #7 (Dec. 1941). The cover was inked by either Syd Shores or Joe Simon (sources differ).
The character's Golden Age appearances included:
- Mystic Comics #6-10 (1941-1942)
- All Winners Comics #2-12 (1941-1944)
- USA Comics #6, 8-14, 16-17 (1942-1945)
- Amazing Comics #1 (1944)
- Complete Comics #2 (1944)
- Mystic Comics vol 2 #1-4 (1944-1945)
- Kid Comics #4-6, 9-10 (1944-1946)
- Daring Mystery Comics #11 (1945)
- Daring Comics #12 (1945)
- All Select Comics #6, 10 (1945-1946)
Roy Thomas and Frank Robbins first featured Roger Aubrey as the diminutive Dyna-Mite in Invaders #14-15 (March–April 1977); in the story he is part of a group of the predominantly British superhero group the Crusaders, who are being manipulated by the Nazis into killing the British King. He returns in Thomas and Robbins' Invaders #18-21 (July–October 1977); in the story he parachutes into Nazi Germany with Lord Falsworth and Spitfire on a mission to restore his memory; a flashback reveals that he and his best friend Brian Falsworth had gone to Berlin on a peace mission which ended with them in a Nazi prison where he was experimented on.
Thomas and Robbins also featured the Falsworth incarnation of the Destroyer in Invaders #18-19 (July–August 1977); in the story he explains how he received a variation of the super-soldier formula from a fellow inmate of a Nazi prison; the previous incarnation as Marlow is retconed as a mistaken FBI theory popularized in comic books. Thomas and Robbins concluded the plot-line in The Invaders #20-21 (September–October 1977); in the story he abandons his role as the Destroyer and takes over his father's role of Union Jack to rescue his sister and the rest of the team while Aubrey helps to steal a plane to get them home, and in Invaders #22 (November 1977); in which they are both safely returned to England. Thomas and Robbins also featured Falsworth as Union Jack in What If? #4 (August 1977); in the story he and Spitfire save Winston Churchill from a Nazi assassination attempt.
Thomas and Robbins continued to feature Falsworth and Aubrey in the series, with the former becoming a semi-permanent member of the team in his new role as Union Jack with issues #23 (December 1977) & #25 (February 1978); in which he joins them on his first mission, while the latter appeared in a supporting role as Dyna-Mite in issue #23 (December 1977); in which he searches for a cure for the Nazi experimentation that has reduced his size, and #26 (March 1978); in which a restored Aubrey is introduced in his role as the new Destroyer. This incarnation was also featured by Thomas, Donald Glut and Alan Kupperberg in Invaders #34 (November 1978) and by Glut, Kupperberg and Charles Eber Stone in Invaders #41 (September 1979).
Dan Slott and James W. Fry III featured Aubrey in the World War II-era story Enis Nacht for Marvel Comics Presents volume 1 #156 (June 1994); in the story he guides a British bomber to its Nazi target. Slott and Fry featured him in another World War II-era story for Midnight Sons Unlimited #9 (May 1995); in the story he helps the Blazing Skull to infiltrate a Nazi base.
Aubrey appears as a supporting character in Fabian Nicieza and Lewis LaRosa's Citizen V and the V-Battalion: The Everlasting #1 (March 2002); the story begins with a flashback showing him at Falsworth's funeral in 1953.
Allan Jacobsen and C.P. Smith used Aubrey as a supporting character in a number of volumes New Invaders, including, #2 (November 2004), in which he is claimed to be one of the new team's first recruits, #4-5 (January–February 2005), which sees him battling the vampiric Baroness Blood alongside Union Jack; and #9 (June 2005), which sees him resuming command of V-Battalion following the death of the original Human Torch.
Fictional character biographiesEdit
American journalist Keen Marlow is captured for spying while reporting behind-the-lines in Nazi Germany. While imprisoned in a concentration camp—that specific phrase being used before its association with the Holocaust—Marlow is given a super-soldier serum, similar to that given to Captain America, by fellow prisoner Professor Eric Schmitt, an anti-Nazi German scientist. Responding to the chemical (and without the beneficial "Vita-Rays" used to chemically stabilize Captain America's serum), Marlow becomes a prime human specimen who escapes, dons a sleek, dark costume with a skull motif and a skintight blue mask that made him appear inhuman, and adopts a fearsome identity with which he fights the Nazis on their own turf. He was occasionally abetted by an Allied agent named Florence von Banger. Antagonists included the Scar, Herr Sin and Von Maus.
In the Destroyer's retcon appearances in the 1970s, the same origin is recounted except for his identity. Now he is Brian Falsworth, brother of Spitfire (a member of the World War II superhero group the Invaders) and son of James Montgomery Falsworth, Lord Falsworth, who had been the World War I hero Union Jack. In this storyline, when Captain America asked if the Destroyer is or is not "an American named Keen Marlow", Falsworth declined to respond.
Brian Falsworth gave up the Destroyer identity in order to become the new Union Jack, and his friend Roger Aubrey (initially introduced as the superhero Dyna-Mite, a member of the team the Crusaders) became the new Destroyer. Falsworth's story is recounted in passing in Ed Brubaker's 2009–2010 miniseries The Marvels Project as part of the Angel's diary of the war. This retelling claims that "Keen Marlow" was an alias used by Falsworth to enter Germany to spy; he was betrayed and captured, and then empowered well after Captain America. However, prior established continuity showed that Falsworth entered Germany under his real name pre-war to promote appeasement, that he was captured trying to leave Germany shortly after Poland was invaded, and empowered only days later, more than a year before Steve Rogers became Captain America.
Versions of the Destroyer, both in continuity and out, have appeared in various Marvel comics. The Age of the Sentry #5 (March 2009) depicts the character as a member of the Guardians of the Galaxy. The character also made a guest appearance in a 2000s issue of New Invaders.
Marvel's MAX imprint published the five-issue miniseries The Destroyer vol. 4 (June-Oct. 2009). Written by Robert Kirkman and drawn by Cory Walker, it starred a version of the character Keene Marlow depicted, according to Kirkman, under "the assumption that he's had an ongoing series since the '40s, so I'm basically writing 'issues #701-#705' ..." In this series, a still-active but elderly Marlowe discovers he has a limited amount of time before he will suffer a fatal heart attack, and sets out to kill his old enemies and anyone else who might threaten his wife Harriet, who is black and has a bionic arm, or their grown daughter Felecia.
Keene Marlow (his first name slightly different from the earlier comics' "Keen") is enhanced by a super-soldier serum variant, similar to the one used to create Captain America (Steve Rogers), but lacking the Vita-Ray treatment. His former sidekick Turret (Darius Mitchell) is married to Felecia and takes over the role of the Destroyer when Marlow retires.
In other mediaEdit
- The Keen Marlow version of the Destroyer appears in the five-part Spider-Man episode "Six Forgotten Warriors", voiced by Roy Dotrice. Here (his name spelled as Keene Marlowe), he is shown as an old colleague of Captain America and an old friend of Ben Parker, now past his prime with his powers fading. He was one of five people (alongside Whizzer, Miss America, Black Marvel, and Thunderer) who had been given powers in an attempt to duplicate the serum that gave Captain America his powers.
- Thunderbolts (vol.1) #40-41
- Howe, Sean (2013). "Chapter 1". Marvel Comics: The Untold Story. Harper Perennial. ISBN 978-0061992117.
- Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z Vol. 3
- Markstein, Don. "The Destroyer". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
- Brevoort, Tom; DeFalco, Tom; Manning, Matthew K.; Sanderson, Peter; Wiacek, Win (2017). Marvel Year By Year: A Visual History. DK Publishing. p. 19. ISBN 978-1465455505.
- Mystic Comics #6 at the Grand Comics Database
- Thomas, Roy (1997). "Introduction". The Golden Age of Marvel Comics. Marvel Comics. p. 3. ISBN 0-7851-0564-6.
- Mitchell, Kurt; Thomas, Roy (2019). American Comic Book Chronicles: 1940-1944. TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 67. ISBN 978-1605490892.
- Nevins, Jess (2013). Encyclopedia of Golden Age Superheroes. High Rock Press. p. 78. ISBN 978-1-61318-023-5.
- Thomas, Roy (August 2011). "Destroy All Nazis!". Alter Ego (104): 24.
- Mystic Comics #7 at the Grand Comics Database.
- Destroyer cover, Mystic Comics #7[permanent dead link] at the Jack Kirby Museum
- Benton, Mike (1992). Superhero Comics of the Golden Age: The Illustrated History. Dallas: Taylor Publishing Company. p. 174. ISBN 0-87833-808-X. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- Green, Paul (2017). Encyclopedia of Weird War Stories: Supernatural and Science Fiction Elements in Novels, Pulps, Comics, Film, Television, Games and Other Media. McFarland & Co. p. 54. ISBN 978-1476666723.
- Invaders #14
- The Marvels Project #7
- The Invaders #19
- Per The Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators, volumes one to three Archived 2009-08-08 at the Wayback Machine star an unrelated, non-Marvel character adapted from The Destroyer series of crime novels: The Destroyer (1989-1990), The Destroyer vol. 2 (1991) and The Destroyer vol. 3 (1991-1992)
- Rogers, Vaneta. NYCC '08: Robert Kirkman on Destroyer MAX, Newsarama, April 19, 2008. WebCite archive 2009-11-26
- "Destroyer Will Punch a Hole in Your Head", Comic Book Resources, February 20, 2009. WebCite archive 2009-11-26