Department of Justice (Philippines)
The Philippine Department of Justice (Filipino: Kagawaran ng Katarungan, abbreviated as DOJ) is under the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for upholding the rule of law in the Philippines. It is the government's principal law agency, serving as its legal counsel and prosecution arm. It has its headquarters at the DOJ Building in Padre Faura Street, Ermita, Manila.
|Kagawaran ng Katarungan|
|Formed||September 26, 1898|
|Headquarters||DOJ Building, Padre Faura Street, Ermita, Manila
|Motto||Justitiae Pax Opus (Justice, Peace, Work)|
|Annual budget||₱11.3 billion (2015)|
The department is led by the Secretary of Justice, nominated by the President of the Philippines and confirmed by the Commission on Appointments. The Secretary is a member of the Cabinet. Duterte named Vitaliano Aguirre II as secretary until his resignation and was replaced by Menardo I. Guevarra.
The DOJ traces its beginnings at the Revolutionary Assembly in Naic, Cavite on April 17, 1897. The Department of Grace and Justice was tasked with the establishment of a regime of law in the Republic, with Severino de las Alas at the helm. The department, however, was not included in Pres. Aguinaldo's Biak-na-Bato Cabinet, which was established in November 1897.
Shortly after the proclamation of independence on June 12, 1898, President Emilio Aguinaldo resurrected the department as the Department of Justice via a September 26, 1898 decree. The department, however, disappeared again in Pres. Aguinaldo's Cabinet upon the proclamation of the First Republic in 1899.
After the American occupation a year later, the military government established the Office of the Attorney of the Supreme Court. On June 11, 1901, it was renamed the Office of the Attorney General and on September 1 of the same year, the office became the Department of Finance and Justice.
In 1916, the department became a separate entity (once again the Department of Justice) by virtue of the Jones Law, and was given administrative supervision over all courts of first instance and other inferior courts.
Under the Japanese occupation, the department became the Commission of Justice, and later the Ministry of Justice upon the proclamation of the Second Philippine Republic in 1943. After the country's liberation from the Japanese forces near the end of World War II, the restored Commonwealth government re-activated the Department.
Soon, the Supreme Court under the then 1973 Constitution took over the admimistrative supervision of all lower courts from the DOJ. The succeeding 1987 Constitution upheld it.
It became the Ministry of Justice once more in 1973 during Martial Law, continuing in that form until 1987, when the return to a presidential form of government as mandated by the 1987 Constitution transformed all ministries back to departments.
List of Secretaries of JusticeEdit
At present, the Department is headed by the Secretary of Justice, with five undersecretaries, namely: ANTONIO T. KHO, JR. ERICKSON H. BALMES, RAYMUND L. MECATE, REYNANTE B. ORCEO and DEO L. MARCO and seven assistant secretaries, namely: ADONIS P. SULIT, JUVY R. MANWONG, GEORGE O. ORTHA II, MOSLEMEN T. MACARAMBON, SR., CHERYL L. DAYTEC-YAÑGOT, and MARGARET V. CASTILLO-PADILLA.
Under the Office of the Secretary are the following offices and services:
- Administrative Service
- Board of Pardons and Parole
- DOJ Action Center
- Financial Service
- Library Service
- Office of the Prosecutor General (National Prosecution Service)
- Office of the Chief State Counsel (Legal Staff)
- Planning and Management Service
- Technical Staff
- Office of Cybercrime
- Office for Competition
- Internal Audit Service
Prosecutors are assigned to each of the regions, provinces, and cities of the Philippines.
The following agencies and offices are attached to the DOJ for policy and program coordination:
- Bureau of Corrections (BuCor)
- Bureau of Immigration (BI)
- Land Registration Authority (LRA)
- National Bureau of Investigation (NBI)
- Office of the Government Corporate Counsel (OGCC)
- Office of the Solicitor General (OSG)
- Parole and Probation Administration (PPA)
- Presidential Commission on Good Government (PCGG)
- Public Attorney's Office (PAO)
- Office for Alternative Dispute Resolution (OADR)
- "GAA 2015" (PDF). DBM. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
- "Department of Justice - Vision, Mission and Mandate". Retrieved 11 January 2013.
- "Vitaliano Aguirre is Duterte's secretary of justice". GMA News. 18 May 2016. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- "History of the Department of Justice". Retrieved 11 January 2013.
- "Today in Philippine History, September 26, 1898, Araneta and Buencamino were appointed to the Aguinaldo cabinet". The Kahimyang Project. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
- "Republic Act 10071". Retrieved 11 January 2013.
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