The 'Deori tribe' is one of the major indigenous communities of Assam and Arunachal pradesh, India. They historically live in the upper plains or also called as the hinterland of the Brahmaputra Valley. In ancient times of the Chutiya kingdom, the Deoris were priests of the Chutiya community, (an indigenous Assamese community) in the temples of the kingdoms and therefore the origin of the name Deori. The Deori community belongs to the Sino-Tibetan family of Mongoloid stock. The community has maintained their racial traits, language, religion, folktales and traditional beliefs through the centuries.
|Regions with significant populations|
|Assam, Arunachal pradesh|
History says that the homeland of the Deoris is in the North Eastern states of India or in the east of undivided Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. As per the folklore of the tribe, they initially settled in the Sotai hills which are located in today's Sonitpur district (previously known as Hadapeshvar). For unknown reasons, they migrated to the northeast and settled in Sadiya region. Deoris were once the priests of the Kamakhya temple which they recall in their folktales and songs. One of the Chief Priest of Deoris named "kendukulai" can be seen inscribed on the walls of the main temple. According to the book Mataks and their kingdom,
Some experts claim that the Patorgoyan clan assimilated with the Tiwa tribe in central Assam but there has been no scientific evidence to support the claim, which prompted a section of Deoris to begin a search. A preliminary investigation from September 30 to October 5 under the aegis of Jimachaya Giyan Aru Juktibadi Samaj has given a positive indication of the presence of Deori people in Kachin province and near Yangon in Myanmar. A team of researchers has decided to visit Myanmar in search of the lost clan. All the people of Dibongiya class can speak their own mother tongue, and many of the other classes also understand but might lack fluency. The three classes of Deoris live in the districts mentioned above.
The Deori language is one of the languages of the Sino-Tibetan language. Deori language is mainly spoken by people of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.
The people of Deori tribe are mainly divided into four groups or clans, namely Dibongia, Bor-geeya, Tengaponiya and Pator-goya. The entire people of each main clan or main group are again subdivided into several sub-clans or sub-groups. The word "sub-clan" or "sub-group" is called "Boja" or "Bahor" in Deori language. Some of the commonly known sub-clan are like Ariya, Kumotaya, Bihiya, Naroda, Sundhariya, Patriya, Dupiya, Marangya, Chariya, Lagasuya, Chitigaya, Mehedaya, Kuliya, Khutiya/Buruk, Machiya, Birromiya, Paporiya, Fagimegera, Senaboriya, Chakuchara, Ekacharul/Busaru, Simocharu, Hizaru, Popharu, Gucharu etc. Each Deori people wants to know or wants to inform about their main clan and sub-clan (sub-group) in their first introduction. Otherwise, their introduction remains incomplete.
- Sharma, S.K. Discovery of Northeast India: Volume 2. Mittal Publications,2005, p. 81.
- Dutta, Sristidhar (1985). The Mataks and their kingdom: castes and tribes of Assam. Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh: Chugh Publications. OCLC 13959339.
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