Denha I of Tikrit

Denha I (Syriac: ܕܢܚܐ ܩܕܡܝܐ ܡܦܪܝܢܐ ܕܬܓܪܝܬ, Arabic: دنحا الاول مفريان المشرق)[1] was the Grand Metropolitan of the East and head of the Syriac Orthodox Church of the East from 649 until his death in 659.[2] He is commemorated as a saint by the Syriac Orthodox Church in the Martyrology of Rabban Sliba, and his feast day is 2 October.[3]

Denha I
Syriac Orthodox Grand Metropolitan of the East
ChurchSyriac Orthodox Church
Installed649
Term ended659
PredecessorMarutha
SuccessorBarishoʿ
Personal details
Died3 November 659
Sainthood
Feast day2 October
Venerated inSyriac Orthodox Church

BiographyEdit

Denha became a monk at the monastery of Saint Matthew near Mosul and studied under Marutha, who would later ascend to the office of Grand Metropolitan of the East, the highest-ranking prelate amongst the miaphysite bishops in the former Sasanian Empire.[4] After Marutha's death on 2 May 649 (AG 960), Denha was chosen to succeed him and was thus brought before the Patriarch Theodore and ordained as archbishop of Tikrit and Grand Metropolitan of the East.[5] It was formerly asserted by the French orientalist Rubens Duval that Denha was the first miaphysite Grand Metropolitan of the East to hold the title maphrian,[6] however, it was likely not in use until c. 1100.[7] He served until his death on 3 November 659 (AG 970) and he was buried with Marutha at the cathedral in the citadel of Tikrit.[5]

WorksEdit

Denha wrote a hagiography of Marutha (Brit. Mus. MS. 14645), which was later translated by the French Syriacist François Nau.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent (17 August 2016). "Denha I, maphrian". Qadishe: A Guide to the Syriac Saints. Retrieved 19 March 2021.
  2. ^ Wilmshurst (2019), p. 810.
  3. ^ Fiey (2004), p. 68.
  4. ^ a b Barsoum (2003), p. 325.
  5. ^ a b Mazzola (2018), pp. 359–360.
  6. ^ Duval (2013), p. 326.
  7. ^ Nicholson (2018), p. 957.

BibliographyEdit

Preceded by Syriac Orthodox Grand Metropolitan of the East
649–659
Succeeded by