Democratic Labour Party of Lithuania

Democratic Labour Party of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos demokratinė darbo partija, LDDP) was the renamed Communist Party of Lithuania.[1] It was a political party in Lithuania in the 1990s, which claimed to be social-democratic. The youth organization of LDDP was called Lithuanian Labourist Youth Union (Lietuvos leiboristų jaunimo unija).

Democratic Labour Party
Lithuanian nameLietuvos demokratinė darbo partija
AbbreviationLDDP
PresidentČeslovas Juršėnas (2001)
FounderAlgirdas Brazauskas
Founded19 December 1989
Dissolved2001
Preceded byCommunist Party of Lithuania
Merged intoSocial Democratic Party of Lithuania
Youth wingLithuanian Labourist Youth Union
Political positionLeft-wing
Colors   
LLJU symbol
Pennant of the Lithuanian Democratic Labour Party

HistoryEdit

The party traced its roots to December 1989, when the Communist Party of Lithuania broke away from the main party. CPL (independent) (as it became known after formation of (CPL (CPSU)) took part in 1990 Lithuanian Supreme Soviet election, in which the party came at second place. Amid this position, CPL (independent) joined national unity government, which included almost all parties and organisations in the Supreme Council except CPL (CPSU), Lithuanian Democratic Party (LDP) and the Association of Poles in Lithuania (ZPL). Algirdas Brazauskas became Deputy Prime Minister of Lithuania in Prunskienė Cabinet.

By the autumn of 1990 there were several party's name proposals (etc. Lietuvos socialistų partija (Socialist Pary of Lithuania), Lietuvos socialinės pažangos partija (Social Advancement Party of Lithuania), Lietuvos komunistų partija (Communist Party of Lithuania), Lietuvos demokratinė darbo partija (Democratic Labour Party of Lithuania)).[2] In December 1990, the main body of the CPL reorganized as the DLPL.

By the late winter of 1992, the party overtook Sąjūdis as the most supported political party in Lithuania.[3] The LDDP won the 1992 parliamentary election, gaining 43% of the vote giving it 73 seats in the Seimas. It is the best results for any political party in Lithuanian parliamentary election up to this date.[4] LDDP was led by Algirdas Brazauskas. Because Brazauskas was elected as the first president in 1993, he was required to stop his activities in any parties. Adolfas Šleževičius became the party leader and the Prime Minister. After Šleževičius was charged with corruption in 1996, he was replaced by Česlovas Juršėnas.

In 1996 parliamentary election, LDDP got about 9.5% of the votes and won 10 seats in the parliament. In next few years party's support remained the same. The party remained the main opposition party in Seimas, although its member and former Prime Minister Laurynas Mindaugas Stankevičius was Minister of Heath in Vagnorius Cabinet between 1998 and 1999. Prior 2000 parliamentary election LDDP formed a coalition with the Social Democratic Party of Lithuania, the New Democracy Party and the Union of the Russians of Lithuania. Electoral coalition was named after Algirdas Brazauskas and it won majority of the votes. In this coalition, parties formed joint list in nationwide constituency, but in single-member constituencies coalition stood only one candidate per one constituency. It was persisted to avoid vote splitting. In the elections LDDP came with 26 seats (the largest number of seats among coalition's parties and third largest number of seats in the parliament).

In 2001, LDDP merged with the Lithuanian Social Democratic Party to form the Social Democratic Party of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos socialdemokratų partija).

Popular supportEdit

In the first half of 1990s, LDDP had around twenty per cent support nationally. This support was not uniform – mainly the party had largest support in large cities with large factories and Russian speaking communities (e. g. Klaipėda). The only exception of large cities was Kaunas, where Sąjūdis (and later the Homeland Union) had greater support.[5][6] In rural areas party's support came from districts with developed industry (e. g. Kelmė district).[7]

As Lithuania became a service economy in the late 1990s, the party's support declined to ten per cent. The other loss of voters came from parties representing Russian speakers (e. g. Union of the Russians of Lithuania). Also, the LDDP lost support to the New Union (Social Liberals).[8]

Electoral resultsEdit

SeimasEdit

Election Votes[a] % Seats +/– Government
1992 817,331 43.9 (#1)
76 / 141
  76 Majority
1996 130,837 10.0 (#3)
12 / 141
  64 Opposition
2000 457,294[b] 31.1 (#1)
26 / 141
  14 Opposition (2000–2001)
  1. ^ Proportional representation votes
  2. ^ Participated in Social-Democratic Coalition of Algirdas Brazauskas (along with Social Democratic Party of Lithuania, Union of the Russians of Lithuania and New Democracy Party)

List of presidentsEdit

# Image President Term
1   Algirdas Brazauskas 1990 – 1993
2 Adolfas Šleževičius 1993 – 1996
3   Česlovas Juršėnas 1996 – 2001

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram. "Lithuania". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 9 October 2002. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  2. ^ B. Vaičiulevičienė. Lietuvos demokratinė darbo partija ? / Šiaulių naujienos, Nr. 157 (10896), 1990, p. 2
  3. ^ "Algirdas Brazauskas". The Daily Telegraph. London. 27 June 2010.
  4. ^ 1992 Parliamentary elections Archived 2011-06-14 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Balsavimo rezultatai Vilniaus miesto (Nr.1) apygardoje".
  6. ^ "Balsavimo rezultatai Kauno miesto (Nr.5) apygardoje".
  7. ^ "Balsavimo rezultatai Kelmės rajono (Nr.24) apygardoje".
  8. ^ "Balsavimo uz partija apygardose rezultatai".

External linksEdit