Delftia is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria that was first isolated from soil in Delft, Netherlands. The species is named after both the city, and in honor of pioneering research in the field of bacteriology that occurred in Delft. Cells in the genus Delftia are rod shaped and straight or slightly curved. Cells occur singly or in pairs, are 0.4–0.8ɥM wide and 2.5–4.1ɥM long. Delftia are motile by flagella, non-sporulating, and chemo-organotrophic.[1]

Scientific classification e
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Betaproteobacteria
Order: Burkholderiales
Family: Comamonadaceae
Genus: Delftia
Wen et al. 1999
Type species
Delftia acidovorans



Delftia species are known for their unique metabolic abilities to break down or transform a variety of pollutants. Delftia can degrade acetaminophen,[3] PAHs,[4][5] chloroaniline,[6] and herbicides.[7] It can also detoxify heavy metals such as cadmium[8] and gold.[9]


  1. ^ Wen, Aimin; Fegan, Mark; Hayward, Chris; Chakraborty, Sukumar; Sly, Lindsay I. (1999). "Phylogenetic relationships among members of the Comamonadaceae, and description of Delftia acidovorans (den Dooren de Jong 1926 and Tamaoka et al. 1987) gen. nov., comb. nov". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 49 (2): 567–576. doi:10.1099/00207713-49-2-567. ISSN 1466-5026. PMID 10319477.
  2. ^ a b c d e Parte, A.C. "Delftia". LPSN.
  3. ^ De Gusseme, Bart; Vanhaecke, Lynn; Verstraete, Willy; Boon, Nico (2011-02-01). "Degradation of acetaminophen by Delftia tsuruhatensis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a membrane bioreactor". Water Research. 45 (4): 1829–1837. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2010.11.040. ISSN 0043-1354. PMID 21167545.
  4. ^ Wu, Wenyang; Huang, Haiying; Ling, Zhenmin; Yu, Zhengsheng; Jiang, Yiming; Liu, Pu; Li, Xiangkai (2016-01-01). "Genome sequencing reveals mechanisms for heavy metal resistance and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degradation in Delftia lacustris strain LZ-C". Ecotoxicology. 25 (1): 234–247. doi:10.1007/s10646-015-1583-9. ISSN 1573-3017. PMID 26589947. S2CID 7203751.
  5. ^ Shetty, Ameesha R.; de Gannes, Vidya; Obi, Chioma C.; Lucas, Susan; Lapidus, Alla; Cheng, Jan-Fang; Goodwin, Lynne A.; Pitluck, Samuel; Peters, Linda; Mikhailova, Natalia; Teshima, Hazuki (2015-08-15). "Complete genome sequence of the phenanthrene-degrading soil bacterium Delftia acidovorans Cs1-4". Standards in Genomic Sciences. 10 (1): 55. doi:10.1186/s40793-015-0041-x. ISSN 1944-3277. PMC 4572682. PMID 26380642.
  6. ^ Zhang, Li-li; He, Dan; Chen, Jian-meng; Liu, Yu (2010-07-15). "Biodegradation of 2-chloroaniline, 3-chloroaniline, and 4-chloroaniline by a novel strain Delftia tsuruhatensis H1". Journal of Hazardous Materials. 179 (1): 875–882. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.03.086. ISSN 0304-3894. PMID 20417029.
  7. ^ Leibeling, Sabine; Schmidt, Frank; Jehmlich, Nico; von Bergen, Martin; Müller, Roland H.; Harms, Hauke (2010-05-15). "Declining Capacity of Starving Delftia acidovorans MC1 to Degrade Phenoxypropionate Herbicides Correlates with Oxidative Modification of the Initial Enzyme". Environmental Science & Technology. 44 (10): 3793–3799. Bibcode:2010EnST...44.3793L. doi:10.1021/es903619j. ISSN 0013-936X. PMID 20397636.
  8. ^ Liu, Yuling; Tie, Boqing; Li, Yuanxinglu; Lei, Ming; Wei, Xiangdong; Liu, Xiaoli; Du, Huihui (2018-11-15). "Inoculation of soil with cadmium-resistant bacterium Delftia sp. B9 reduces cadmium accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa L.) grains". Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 163: 223–229. doi:10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.07.081. ISSN 0147-6513. PMID 30055387.
  9. ^ Johnston, Chad W.; Wyatt, Morgan A.; Li, Xiang; Ibrahim, Ashraf; Shuster, Jeremiah; Southam, Gordon; Magarvey, Nathan A. (2013). "Gold biomineralization by a metallophore from a gold-associated microbe". Nature Chemical Biology. 9 (4): 241–243. doi:10.1038/nchembio.1179. ISSN 1552-4469.