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The De Rohan Arch (Maltese: Il-Bieb De Rohan; Italian: Porta De Rohan), also known as the New Gateway (Maltese: Il-Bieb il-Ġdid), is a commemorative archway in Żebbuġ, Malta. It was built in 1798 to commemorate the locality's status as a city, which had been granted by Grand Master Emmanuel de Rohan-Polduc on 21 June 1777.[1]

De Rohan Arch
Il-Bieb De Rohan
De Rohan Arch, holding the Niche of the Ecce Homo 12.jpg
De Rohan Arch after restoration
Alternative namesNew Gateway (Il-Bieb il-Ġdid)
General information
StatusIntact
TypeCommemorative arch
Architectural styleNeoclassical
LocationŻebbuġ, Malta
Coordinates35°52′25.7″N 14°26′53″E / 35.873806°N 14.44806°E / 35.873806; 14.44806
Named forEmmanuel de Rohan-Polduc
Inaugurated12 May 1798
Cost1000 scudi
Technical details
MaterialLimestone
Design and construction
ArchitectGiuseppe Xerri

HistoryEdit

Emmanuel de Rohan-Polduc, the Grand Master of the Order of St. John, attended the feast of the village of Żebbuġ on 12 May 1776. The parish priest Dun Feliċ Borg sent a petition to the Grand Master, requesting that the village be elevated to the status of a city. Borg promised to construct two triumphal arches if the request was accepted. De Rohan agreed and gave Żebbuġ the title Città Rohan by a decree dated 21 June 1777.[2]

Although city status was granted, the two arches were not built due to several difficulties. De Rohan died on 14 July 1797, and the people decided to build a single arch at the entrance to the city, partially fulfilling the promise they had made twenty years earlier. The arch cost about 1000 scudi to build,[2] and funds were raised through fundraising by the population of Żebbuġ, as well as a donation by the parish church. The arch was designed by the mason Giuseppe Xerri, who also supervised its construction. It was inaugurated on 12 May 1798 by the new Grand Master, Ferdinand von Hompesch zu Bolheim.[3]

Between 1905 and 1929, the Malta tramway used to pass near the arch. In the 1950s, Freedom Avenue (Maltese: Vjal il-Ħelsien) was opened to give better access to the Żebbuġ centre, and this reduced the amount of traffic passing through the arch. Later on, vehicles were not allowed to pass through the arch in order to preserve it. The arch was restored by the Żebbuġ Local Council in 1995.[3] It was restored again in 2016.

The De Rohan Arch was included on the Antiquities List of 1925,[4] and it is now scheduled as a Grade 1 national monument.[5]

ArchitectureEdit

 
De Rohan Arch as viewed from the back

De Rohan Arch is built in the neoclassical style. The archway is flanked by rusticated Doric pilasters set on a plain pedestal. The arch is topped by a triangular pediment having moulded edges.[5]

A gothic designed niche, containing a portrait of the Ecce homo, is located within the arch. The niche, painted in blue and white, is listed on National Inventory of the Cultural Property of the Maltese Islands.[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Borg, Joseph (1974). "The Custom House - Malta" (PDF). Scientia. 2 (2): 59–80. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b Zammit, Vincent (1992). Il-Gran Mastri – Ġabra ta' Tagħrif dwar l-Istorja ta' Malta fi Żmienhom – It-Tieni Volum 1680–1798 (in Maltese). Valletta: Valletta Publishing & Promotion Co. Ltd. pp. 469–470.
  3. ^ a b "The De Rohan Arch". Haz-Zebbug.com. Archived from the original on 31 October 2015.
  4. ^ "Protection of Antiquities Regulations 21st November, 1932 Government Notice 402 of 1932, as Amended by Government Notices 127 of 1935 and 338 of 1939". Malta Environment and Planning Authority. Archived from the original on 19 April 2016.
  5. ^ a b "Rohan Gate, Żebbuġ". Times of Malta. 11 December 2012. Archived from the original on 4 December 2015.
  6. ^ "Niche of the Ecce Homo" (PDF). National Inventory of the Cultural Property of the Maltese Islands. 28 March 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 December 2015.