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David Magarshack (23 December 1899 – 26 October 1977) was a British translator and biographer of Russian authors, best known for his translations of Dostoevsky and Nikolai Gogol.

Magarshack was born in Riga, in present-day Latvia (Riga was then part of Russia), travelled to Britain in 1920 and became naturalised in 1931.

After graduating from University College London in English Language and Literature, he worked in Fleet Street and published a number of novels.

He was the biographer of Anton Chekhov (1952, 1955 (US)), Nikolai Gogol (1957), Dostoevsky (1962), Alexander Pushkin (1967), Konstantin Stanislavski (1950, 1976) and Ivan Turgenev (1954).

Magarshack died in London in 1977.