David Amar

David Amar (1920–2000) was a Moroccan businessman, leader of the Moroccan Jewish community, politician, and philanthropist.

David Amar
David Amar with Limor Livnat & Yuval Steinitz.JPG
Settat, Morocco
Known forDavid Amar Worldwide North Africa Jewish Heritage Center
RelativesRaphael Edery (son-in-law)
Paul J. Fribourg (son-in-law)

Early lifeEdit

David Amar was born in Settat, Morocco.[1]

Business careerEdit

Amar was the head of Omnium Nord-Africain, Morocco's largest conglomerate, until he resigned in January 1986, and was replaced by King Hassan's son-in-law Fouad Felalli. The circumstances of this were unclear and may have been due to retirement, or to a loss of influence, and Amar sold all of his shares in the company.[2]

Political careerEdit

Amar was president of the Jewish community in Kenitra, which was where he started his business career.[1] He established connections with Moroccan nationalists, which helped him obtain the position of secretary general of the Conseil des Communautés Israélites du Maroc (CCIM) after Moroccan independence in 1956.[1]

Amar was involved in Operation Yachin, in which 97,000 Moroccan Jews emigrated to Israel in 1961 to 1964.[3]

For 26 years, from 1965 to 1986 (at least), Amar was president of the Council of Moroccan Jewish Communities.[4][2][5] He was also president of the World Assembly of Moroccan Jewry.[2][4]

In 1965, Amar was a member of the Chamber of Moroccan Counselors.[4]

At the time of the 1971 coup, Amar briefly fled abroad, due to his closeness to King Hassan II.[3] In 1984, Amar was made an Officer in the Order of the Throne by King Hassan.[6]


He funded the restoration of the North Africa Jewish Heritage Center in Jerusalem, which was named the David Amar Worldwide North Africa Jewish Heritage Center in his honour.[7]

Personal lifeEdit

In 1965, his daughter Annie-Claude Amar (died 6 August 1993)[8][5] married Raphael Cohen (later known as Raphael Edery, a member of the Knesset from 1981–99 and a government minister), an oil company engineer, in the presence of two members of the Moroccan Cabinet, several former Ministers and the National Police Chief.[4]

His daughter Josabeth "Babette" Amar had three children with her first husband, and after a divorce married American businessman Paul J. Fribourg, and had four more children.[9]

His son Daniel Amar is a French-Jewish businessman, who owns stakes in Israel Salt Industries and Bank Hapoalim.[5]

Amar lived in a villa in "Casablanca's wealthiest district".[2]


  1. ^ a b c Hatimi, Mohammed. "Amar, David". Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d JUDITH MILLER, Special to the New York Times (31 July 1986). "Moroccan Jews Talk Of The King'S Fate, And Theirs". NYTimes.com. Morocco; Middle East; Israel, State Of. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  3. ^ a b C. R. Pennell (2000). Morocco Since 1830: A History. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. p. 344. ISBN 978-1-85065-273-1. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d "Two Members of Moroccan Cabinet Attend Jewish Wedding in Casablanca | Jewish Telegraphic Agency". Jta.org. 22 April 1965. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  5. ^ a b c Bennyesterday, Aluf (8 July 2004). "Frenchman to buy stake in Israel Salt - Haaretz - Israel News". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  6. ^ "Hassan Honors Moroccan Jewish Leader | Jewish Telegraphic Agency". Jta.org. 18 July 1984. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  7. ^ Bennyesterday, Aluf (9 June 2011). "A touch of Morocco in the heart of Jerusalem - Haaretz - Israel News". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  8. ^ "Avis de décès - Annie-Claude AMAR EDERY - Avis obsèques - Paris (75) - Dans nos coeurs". Dansnoscoeurs.fr. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  9. ^ PageSix.com Staff (5 September 2007). "Behind Leona's Testament". Page Six. Retrieved 13 June 2017.