Darul Uloom Nadwatul Ulama
|Motto||إلى الإسلام من جديد (transl. Toward Islam with new sprit)|
(Specialist in Hanafi, Shafi and Ahle Hadith schools)
|Chancellor||Mawlana Rabey Hasani Nadvi|
|Principal||Maulana Saeedur Rahman Azmi Nadwi|
504/21G, Mankameshwar Mandir Marg, Mukarimnagar, Hasanganj.,
|Affiliations||Darul Uloom Deoband|
This educational institution draws large number of Muslim students from all over the world. Nadwatul Ulama fosters a diverse range of both scholars and students including Hanafis (the predominant group), Shafi'is and Ahl al-Hadith. Additionally it is one of very few institutes in the region to teach the Islamic Sciences completely in Arabic.
"Nadwa" means assembly and group, it was named nadwa because it was constituted by a group of great Islamic scholars of India in Kanpur. Darululoom is the educational body of Nadwat-ul-Ulama. It was eventually shifted to Lucknow in 1898 from Kanpur and the Islamic curricula was updated with modern sciences, mathematics, vocational training and the addition of English Department.
Formation of NadwaEdit
On the occasion of convocation of Madarasa Faiz-e-Aam, Kanpur in 1893 (1310 AH), scholars including Lutfullah Aligarhi, Shah Muhammad Hussain Allahabadi, Ashraf Ali Thanwi, Muhammad Khalil Ahmad (Deoband), Sanaullah Amritsari, Noor Muhammad Punjabi, Ahmad Hasan Kanpuri, Syed Muhammad Ali Kanpuri, Maulana Mahmud Hasan, Shah Sulaiman Phulwari, Zahurul Islam Fatehpuri, Abdul Ghani Murshidabadi, Fakhrul Hasan Gangohi and Syed Shah Hafiz Tajammul Husain Desnavi agreed to form an organization of Ulema and convene a gathering in the next annual convocation of Madarsa Faiz-e-Aam. They named the organization Nadwatul-Ulema. The responsibilities of the organization were given to Syed Muhammad Ali, who became the first Nazim of Nadwatul-Ulema. The goal was to bring harmony and co-operation among various groups within the Muslim Millat, to bring about the moral, religious and educational reform and progress.
Nadwatul-Ulema held its first convention on 22–24 April 1894 (Shawwal 15-17, 1311 AH) in Madarsa Faiz-e-Aam. It was attended by a huge group of scholars from all sects of the ummah and all corners of the sub-continent including Maulana Abdullah Ansari (Founder Nazim-e-Diniyaat, MAO College) and Maulana Shibli Nomani, who were teachers of Arabic and Persian at MAO College. Maulana Shibli Nomani proposed Maulana Mufti Lutfullah to chair the opening session. According to Nawab Sadar Yaar Jang Maulana Habibur Rahman Khan Sherwani, Maulana Ibrahim Aaroomi and Maulvi Muhammad Hussain Batalwi were representing Ahle-Hadis (Salafi) delegation, Maulvi Ghulamul-Hasnain were representing Shia delegation. Maulana Shah Muhammad Hussain presented the organization's objectives and Maulana Shibli Nomani presented the working guidelines (Dasturul-Amal).
On the recommendation of Maulana Muhammad Husain Batalwi, these working guidelines were referred to a committee of scholars to discuss. On 23 April, after maghrib prayer, a special session of 30 scholars convened and discussed and finalized each and every guideline. On the next day, in the morning session under the chairmanship of Maulana Lutfullah of Aligarh, Maulana Shibli Nomani announced the proposals:
- The Present educational system needs a reform.
- Principles or representative of all the Islamic Institutions (Madaaris) should attend the annual convention of Nadwatul Ulema.
- A Federation of Madaaris should be formed so that all the madaaris should come under one umbrella. To implement this scheme few large Madaaris should be started which will act as a main Madrasah known as Nadwatul-Uloom and rest will be their branches. Nadwatul-Uloom will keep an eye on the activities of the branches.
- Expansion of Madarsa Faiz-e-Aam with Hostel facility.
- Curriculum reform (This was proposed by Shah Muhammad Husain Allahabadi and seconded by Maulana Shibli Nomani)
After this 12 scholars were named to develop curriculum. All the members of the curriculum developing committee made their proposed changes in the curriculam but Maulana Shibli Nomani presented the model of Nadwatul-Uloom. When Maulana Shibli's proposal of a Darul-Uloom was accepted by the attendees, he requested to form a Managing group and so a panel of 16 people was selected with consensus. The founding session was concluded with final remarks and vote of thanks by Maulana Shibli Nomani.
One of the main aim of the formation of Nadwa was to bring all the sects of Islam together irrespective of some of their differences in beliefs.
Initially the founders of Darul Uloom Deoband like Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi, Qasim Nanotwi were against the Nadwa Movement but later they joined in. Now Nadwa is a sister institute of Darul Uloom Deoband, also preaching its teachings.
Purpose of FoundationEdit
It was founded with the following three distinct features:
- and to serve as a bridge between the Old World and the new but firm and unbending in the matter of fundamentals.
- Aimed at producing an educated class of Muslims well versed in traditional learning and yet actively involved with the ruling power.
- Sought to give Arabic, both modern and classical, a central place in its system of education besides facilitating links with Muslim West Asia.
Aalim/Shariah Course SyllabusEdit
The Aalim/Shariah course in Nadwatul Ulama broadly deals with Arabic Language, Hadith and its Usool (science), Fiqh and its Usool, translation of the Qur'an and Tafseer and its Usool.
The condensed 5 year course (for college graduates) consists of:
|1st Year||Purely Arabic (Nahw, Sarf, Conversation etc.)|
|2nd Year||More Arabic literature, starts translation of Qur'an, starts Fiqh (Qudoori for Hanafi students and there is provision for Shafi'i students), Hadith (Riyadhus Saaliheen)|
|3rd Year||Hadith (Mishkath parts 1&2), Usoolul Hadith (Muqaddimah Mishkath), More Translation/Tafseer, Fiqh (Hidayah parts 1&2), Aqeedah (AsSunniyah), Some literature and Balaghah.|
|4th and 5th Year||After 3 years, students join the 7th and 8th years (called Aaliyah Thalithah and Aaliyah Raabi'ah) of the regular Aalim course in which they are taught the remaining Mishkath. Further books are taught in Usool Al-Hadith (e.g. Nukhbah) and Usool Al-Fiqh (e.g. Usool al-Shashi), the remainder of Hidaayah, Usool Al-Tafseer (Alfawzul Kabeer), Tafseer, Aqeedah Tahaawiyah. Finally the Sihah Sittah (6 books of Sahih Hadith) are taught.|
After the completion of the Aalim course, students generally go for Fadheelath in Arabic, Hadith, Fiqh or Tafseer.
The 5 year courses do have one stream which are taught exclusively in Arabic
Role of Maulana Nadwi in development of NadwaEdit
Maulana Syed Abul Hasan Ali Hasani Nadwi (Ali Miyan) was born in Raebareli in 1914 in family of Islamic scholars. In 1934, he was appointed as teacher in Nadwa, later in 1961, he became Principal of Nadwa and in 1980, he was appointed as Chairman of Islamic Centre Oxford, UK. He has been awarded King Faisal Award (1980) given by King Faisal Foundation and Sultan Brunei Award (1998) for his contributions.
He was a prolific writer in Urdu and Arabic, his books are part of syllabus in various Arab Universities, several books have been translated in English.
Protests over ctitzenship lawEdit
In December 2019, protests over Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 or CAA spread to Darul Uloom Nadwatul Ulama after Jamia Millia Islamia and Aligarh Muslim University. Indian officials said at least 60 students were injured in the clashes. Later student protests sweep campuses across India from Punjab to Kerala and from Ahmedabad to Kolkata
- Shahid Siddiqui (27 March 2017). "Decolonisation and the Nadwatul Ulama". The News International (newspaper). Retrieved 6 March 2020.
- Edicts issued by Indian maulanas leave Muslim voters confused Dawn (newspaper), Published 14 April 2014, Retrieved 6 March 2020
- "Darul Uloom Nadwatul Ulama, Lucknow, India Accurate Prayer Times أوقات الصلاة, Qibla اتجاه القبلة Mosques (Masjids), Islamic Centers, Organizations and Muslim Owned Businesses". Islamicfinder.org website. 1 January 1980. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
- English Department inaugurated at Darul Uloom Nadwatul Ulama The Siasat Daily (newspaper), Published 5 September 2018, Retrieved 7 March 2020
- Profile of Shibli Nomani on shibliacademy.org website Retrieved 7 March 2020
- "Shyakh S. Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi". Central-Mosque website. Archived from the original on 25 January 2009. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
- Ali Mian wins award from Sultan of Brunei for Islamic studies Rediff On The Net website, Published 19 July 1999, Retrieved 6 March 2020
- Syed Talha Shah (21 December 2018). "Remembering Maulana Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi - Profile". Daily Times (newspaper). Retrieved 6 March 2020.
- After Jamia and AMU, Nadwa in Lucknow erupts in protest over citizenship law Hindustan Times (newspaper), Published 16 December 2019, Retrieved 6 March 2020
- Student protests sweep campuses across country over police action at Delhi's Jamia Hindustan Times (newspaper), Published 17 December 2019, Retrieved 6 March 2020