Guden Khan (Mongolian: гүдэн хаан; Chinese: 庫騰汗), who was born Daraisung (or Darayisung; Mongolian: Дарайсүн; Chinese: 打來孫), (1520–1557) was a khagan of the Northern Yuan dynasty, reigning from 1547 to 1557. He was the eldest son of Bodi Alagh Khan, whom he succeeded as khagan.

Guden Khan
ᠬᠦᠳᠡᠨ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ
Khagan of the Mongols
Khagan of the Northern Yuan dynasty
PredecessorBodi Alagh Khan
SuccessorTümen Zasagt Khan
Died1557 (aged 36–37)
DynastyNorthern Yuan
FatherBodi Alagh Khan

During his rule, Altan Khan, who led the Tümed Mongols at the time, became more powerful and also more disrespectful of the power of the Great Khan. [1] Daraisung Khan was unable to achieve victory in the conflicts that arose from this. Altan Khan eventually forced Daraisung Guden Khan to flee eastward. Four years later in 1551, Daraisung made a compromise with Altan accepting Altan's leadership in exchange for giving the title "Gegeen Khan" to him. As a result, Daraisung Guden Khan was forced to relocate his imperial court to the east near Manchuria, and the power of the Great Khan began to decline. Although most Mongol nobles still recognized the Great Khan as the leader, it was in name only and two Borjin nobles declared themselves as khans of their own territories during this period.

With the decline of a unified Mongol state, Daraisung Khan's great-grandson, Ligden Khan, the last Mongol Borjigin khan, eventually became known as Ligden of the Chahar, and was subjugated by the Later Jin dynasty in 1635.[2]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ John W. Dardess (2012). Ming China, 1368-1644: A Concise History of a Resilient Empire. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-4422-0491-1.
  2. ^ Veit, Veronika (1986): Die mongolischen Völkerschaften: 396-400. In: Weiers, Michael (ed.) (1986): Die Mongolen. Beiträge zu ihrer Geschichte und Kultur. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft: 379-411. Another source on the period would be Di Cosmo, Nicola, and Dalizhabu Bao (2003): Manchu-Mongol relations on the eve of the Qing conquest: a documentary history. Leiden: Brill.
Daraisung Guden Khan
 Died: 1547–1557
Regnal titles
Preceded by Khagan of the Northern Yuan dynasty
Succeeded by