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Daniel Auster (Hebrew: דניאל אוסטר‎ ‎, 7 May 1893 – 15 January 1963) was Mayor of Jerusalem in the final years of Mandatory Palestine, the first Jewish mayor of the city, and the first mayor of Jerusalem after Israeli independence.[1]

Daniel Auster
DanielAuster22.jpg
Mayor of Jerusalem
In office
1937–1938
Preceded byHusayn al-Khalidi
Succeeded byMustafa al-Khalidi
In office
1944–1948
Preceded byMustafa al-Khalidi
Succeeded byTeddy Kollek (1967)
Mayor of West Jerusalem
In office
1948–1950
Succeeded byShlomo Zalman Shragai
Personal details
Born(1893-05-07)7 May 1893
Knihinin, Galician
Died15 January 1963(1963-01-15) (aged 69)
Israel
Political partyGeneral Zionists
Spouse(s)Julia Auster

BiographyEdit

Daniel Auster was born in Knihinin, a Galician town that is now a district of the city Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.[2] He immigrated to Ottoman-controlled Palestine prior to World War I after finishing his law studies at the University in Vienna, Austria, from which he graduated in 1914. He initially settled in Haifa and taught German at the Reali School.[3]

He first served at the Austrian expeditionary force headquarters in Damascus, assisting Arthur Ruppin in sending financial help from Constantinople to the starving Yishuv. In 1919, he became Secretary of the Legal Department of the Zionist Commission in Jerusalem. He became Deputy Mayor of Jerusalem under Husayn al-Khalidi in 1936.

In 1937, he became the first Jewish mayor of Jerusalem. He was also a member of the Assembly of Representatives for the General Zionists party and a signatory of the Israeli Declaration of Independence.[4]

In November 1947, he was a member of the Jewish Agency’s delegation to the Working Committee of the Trusteeship Council which attempted to draw up a Draft Statute for Jerusalem, but in 1949, he openly declared his opposition to the internationalization of Jerusalem and stated categorically that it was not possible.[5] He contested the 1949 Knesset elections as the leader of the "For Jerusalem" list,[6] but it failed to win a seat.

AwardsEdit

Auster was awarded the Order of the British Empire.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Summary record of a meeting between the committee on Jerusalem and Mr. Daniel Auster, Mayor of Jerusalem (Jewish sector) Archived 2013-12-24 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "and the Independence Declaration of the State of Israel". Archived from the original on 2014-12-05. Retrieved 2014-11-30. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  3. ^ It's sad to be the mayor of Jerusalem
  4. ^ The Signatories of the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel
  5. ^ UNITED NATIONS CONCILIATION COMMISSION FOR PALESTINE COMMITTEE ON JERUSALEM Archived 2013-12-24 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ For Jerusalem Israel Democracy Institute
  7. ^ It's sad to be the mayor of Jerusalem