The damba (Paretroplus damii) is a species of cichlid.

Cichlidae - Paretroplus damii.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cichliformes
Family: Cichlidae
Genus: Paretroplus
P. damii
Binomial name
Paretroplus damii
Bleeker, 1868
  • Paretroplus dami Bleeker, 1868 (orth. error)
  • Paretroplus vandami Sauvage, 1891 (ambiguous name)



The genus name Paretroplus is composed by the Greek Para (meaning similar to) and Etroplus (a closely related genus of Indian cichlids).[3] The Latin species name damii honors the naturalist Douwe Casparus van Dam (1827-1898).[4]


P. damii is the largest Paretroplus, reaching the total length of about 17–40 centimetres (6.7–15.7 in). No sexual dimorphism exists in size or in other characteristics. These fishes have a rounded shape, with a light pink / grey colouration in absence of vertical barring.[3][5][6]


This species can be found in several river basins in northwestern Madagascar.[7]

This includes populations in far northern Madagascar that some have speculated represented an undescribed species, but a comparison of specimens did not support this, instead maintaining them as part of P. damii.[6]

In contrast, populations in the Mahanara River in northeastern Madagascar were formerly also included in P. damii, but these were described as a separate species, P. loisellei, in 2011, and populations in the Ankofia River basin in northwestern Madagascar (south of true P. damii) appear to represent a closely related undescribed species.[7]


  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, núm. 1, vol. 1–3. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, California, United States. 2905. ISBN 0-940228-47-5.
  • Fenner, Robert M.: The Conscientious Marine Aquarist. Neptune City, New Jersey, USA : T.F.H. Publications, 2001.
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette y D. Facey: The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts, USA, 1997.
  • Hoese, D.F. 1986: . A M.M. Smith y P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany.
  • Maugé, L.A. 1986. A J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse y D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; y ORSTOM, Paris, France. Vol. 2.
  • Moyle, P. y J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4th. Ed., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, USA: Prentice-Hall.
  • Nelson, J.: Fishes of the World, 3rd. ed.. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons.
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2nd. Ed, London: Macdonald.


  1. ^ Ravelomanana, T.; Sparks, J.S. (2020). "Paretroplus damii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T40706A176845102. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-3.RLTS.T40706A176845102.en. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  2. ^ Ondrej Zicha. "BioLib: Biological library". Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  3. ^ a b "The art and science of fishkeeping". Archived from the original on 2011-11-19. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  4. ^ Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara (22 July 2018). "Order CICHLIFORMES: Family CICHLIDAE: Subfamilies ETROPLINAE and PTYCHOCHROMINAE". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher Scharpf and Kenneth J. Lazara. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  5. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2018). "Paretroplus damii" in FishBase. June 2018 version.
  6. ^ a b Sparks, J. S. (2008). Phylogeny of the Cichlid Subfamily Etroplinae and Taxonomic Revision of the Malagasy Cichlid Genus Paretroplus (Teleostei: Cichlidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History Number 314 :1-151
  7. ^ a b Sparks, J. S. and Schelly, R. C. (2011). A new species of Paretroplus (Teleostei: Cichlidae: Etroplinae) from northeastern Madagascar, with a phylogeny and revised diagnosis for the P. damii clade. Zootaxa 2768: 55–68.

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