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Dadu (Sindhi and Urdu: دادو), is a city and capital of Dadu District located in Sindh, Pakistan. The city is located on the western bank of River Indus and is administratively subdivided into three Union councils.
|Elevation||35 m (115 ft)|
|• Rank||52nd, Pakistan|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (PST)|
|Number of Union councils||10|
Dadu is 11th largest city of the Sindh Province and 52nd largest city in Pakistan with a population of 171,191 (2017). It is located 100 miles (160 km) to the north of Hyderabad, the second largest city of Sindh.
The early history of this city is unknown. It is generally believed that the Dadu was founded as a village by Syed Dad Muhammad Shah Alias Dadu Shah during the Kalhora dynasty (1701–1783). Dadu Shah was a powerful religious leader and landlord and had close relations with Kalhora rulers. Some historians are of the opinion that the old name of Dadu is Marakhpur which was conquered by Mian Yar Muhammad Kalhoro during the first decade of the 18th century. Now-a-days, Marakhpur is a small localty in Dadu city.
There is also another theory rgeding the origin of Dadu. Dadu Dayal (1544-1603) was a great saint, poet and follower of Guru Gorakhnath from Gujrat India. He introduced a new Panth of Yogi known as the Dadu-Panth. Dadu Dayal visited Sindh and lived here for a long time. His followers were called Dadunavasi. Two of his followers Dayo Ram (1836-1906) and Sanat Bhagat Ram were from Dadu. Dadu became the town of the Danunavasi and hence got the name Dadu.
During the Kalhora dynasty, Dadu and surrounding area's fortune flourished, irrigation system was improved and new canals were constructed to boost the agricultural economy of the area. As a result, Dadu became an important centre of trade and agricuture.
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- Magsi, Dhani Bux (2005). ڊادوءَ سان منھنجون يادون (My Memories of Dadu) (in Sindhi). Dadu, Sindh.: Kachho Publications. pp. 480–481.
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