|Champions||FC Carl Zeiss Jena|
|European Cup||FC Carl Zeiss Jena|
|European Cup Winners' Cup||1. FC Union Berlin|
|Inter-Cities Fairs Cup|
|Goals scored||474 (2.6 per match)|
|Top goalscorer||Gerd Kostmann (15)|
The league was contested by fourteen teams. FC Carl Zeiss Jena won the championship, the club's second of three East German championships, having previously won the 1962–63 edition under the name of SC Motor Jena.
On the strength of the 1967–68 title Jena qualified for the 1968–69 European Cup where the club was drawn against Red Star Belgrade in the first round but withdrew after a redraw following the events of the Prague Spring. UEFA had drawn all Eastern European teams against each other to avoid a possible boycott by Western European clubs which, in turn, resulted in a boycott by the clubs from the Soviet Union, Poland, East Germany, Hungary and Bulgaria. Eighth-placed club 1. FC Union Berlin qualified for the 1968–69 European Cup Winners' Cup as the seasons FDGB-Pokal winner but withdrew for the same reasons. Fifth-placed 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig qualified for the 1968–69 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, a non-UEFA competition, where it was knocked out in the second round by Hibernian F.C. while second-placed F.C. Hansa Rostock was knocked out by Fiorentina, also in the second round.
|Pos||Team||Pld||W||D||L||GF||GA||GD||Pts||Qualification or relegation|
|1||FC Carl Zeiss Jena (C)||26||17||5||4||51||19||+32||39||Qualification to European Cup first round|
|2||F.C. Hansa Rostock||26||15||4||7||37||27||+10||34||Qualification to Cup Winners' Cup first round|
|3||1. FC Magdeburg||26||13||7||6||43||38||+5||33|
|4||FC Vorwärts Berlin||26||9||10||7||34||29||+5||28|
|5||1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig||26||9||7||10||39||35||+4||25||Qualification to Cup Winners' Cup first round|
|7||BSG Sachsenring Zwickau||26||11||3||12||36||34||+2||25|
|8||1. FC Union Berlin||26||9||7||10||26||35||−9||25||Qualification to Inter-Cities Fairs Cup first round|
|9||FC Rot-Weiss Erfurt||26||8||7||11||34||39||−5||23|
|10||Hallescher FC Chemie||26||8||7||11||32||41||−9||23|
|11||BSG Wismut Aue||26||9||4||13||32||40||−8||22|
|12||BSG Chemie Leipzig||26||7||7||12||26||32||−6||21|
|13||SG Dynamo Dresden (R)||26||5||11||10||25||33||−8||21||Relegation to DDR-Liga|
|14||BSG Lokomotive Stendal (R)||26||7||6||13||26||42||−16||20|
(C) Champion; (R) Relegated
- fuwo, page: 93
- fuwo, page: 23
- "East Germany - List of Champions". rsssf.com. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- "DDR-Meister" [East German champions]. dfb.de (in German). German Football Association. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- "DDDR » Oberliga » Torschützenkönige" [DDR-Oberliga top scorers]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- fuwo, page: 92
- "European Competitions 1968-69". rsssf.com. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- "DDR » Oberliga 1967–68" [DDR-Oberliga 1967–68]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- "Das war unser Fußball im Osten" [This was our football in the East]. Fußball-Woche (fuwo) (in German). Berlin: Axel-Springer-Verlag. 1991.
- Das Deutsche Fussball Archiv (in German) Historic German league tables