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Cyrtandra is a genus of flowering plants containing about 600 species,[1] with more being discovered often,[2] and is thus the largest genus in the family Gesneriaceae.[3] These plants are native to Southeast Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands, with the centre of diversity in Southeast Asia and the Malesian region.[3] The genus is common, but many species within it are very rare, localized, endangered endemic plants.[2] The species can be difficult to identify because they are highly polymorphic and because they readily hybridize with each other.[1] The plants may be small herbs, vines, shrubs, epiphytes, or trees. The genus is characterized in part by having two stamens, and most species have white flowers, with a few red-, orange-, yellow- and pink-flowered species known. Almost all species live in rainforest habitats.[2]

Starr 041113-0708 Cyrtandra sp..jpg
An unidentified species
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Gesneriaceae
Genus: Cyrtandra
J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

600+, see text

It is an example of a supertramp genus.[2]

Hawaiian Cyrtandra are known as ha‘iwale.[1]

Species include:


  1. ^ a b c Clermontia and Cyrtandra. DNA Barcoding Endemic Hawaiian Species Project. University of Hawaii, Hilo.
  2. ^ a b c d Quentin C. B. Cronk; Michael Kiehn; Warren L. Wagner; James F. Smith (2005). "Evolution of Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) in the Pacific Ocean: the origin of a supertramp clade". American Journal of Botany. 92 (6): 1017–1024. doi:10.3732/ajb.92.6.1017. JSTOR 4126079. PMID 21652486.
  3. ^ a b David H. Lorence; Steven Perlman (2007). "A new species of Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) from Hawai'i, Hawaiian Islands". Novon. 17 (3): 357–361. doi:10.3417/1055-3177(2007)17[357:ANSOCG]2.0.CO;2. JSTOR 20406191.
  4. ^ Cyrtandra cordifolia at the Oahu board of water supply.
  5. ^ Warren L. Wagner; David H. Lorence (2000). "A reassessment of Cyrtandra kealiae and C. limahuliensis (Gesneriaceae)". Bishop Museum Occasional Papers. 63: 17–20. hdl:10088/7612.

Further readingEdit

  • H. Atkins; Q. C. B. Cronk (2001). "The genus Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) in Palawan, Philippines". Edinburgh Journal of Botany. 58: 443–458.

External linksEdit