Cypress is an unincorporated community in Harris County, Texas, United States, located completely inside the extraterritorial jurisdiction of the City of Houston. The Cypress area is located along U.S. Highway 290 (Northwest Freeway) is twenty-four miles (35 km) northwest of Downtown Houston. The Cypress urban cluster ranks 50th in the top 100 highest-income urban areas in the United States.

Cypress, Texas
Cypress is located in Texas
Location within the state of Texas
Cypress is located in the United States
Cypress (the United States)
Coordinates: 29°58′15″N 95°41′50″W / 29.97083°N 95.69722°W / 29.97083; -95.69722
CountryUnited States
 • Total184,851[1]
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
77429, 77433
Area code(s)281/346/713/832

Large scale residential and commercial development beginning in the 1980s transformed the once rural area into one of the Houston area's largest suburban communities.

History edit

The recent find of a San Patrice projectile point at the Dimond Knoll site nearby on Cypress Creek attests to a human presence in the area by 7500 BC. By the early historic era, the area around present-day Cypress was populated by Atakapa and Akokisa Indian tribes, but they soon disappeared after the appearance of German settlers in the 1840s.[2]

The German heritage is most notably reflected in the names of some of the major thoroughfares of the area, such as Huffmeister and Telge Roads.[3] General Sam Houston and his Texas Army camped in the area on March 22, 1836 on the way to Harrisburg, which is now in East Houston, just days before the Battle of San Jacinto.[4]

The area remained mostly rural until the early 1990s when developers began construction of several master-planned communities. The area is often referred to as Cy-Fair or Cypress-Fairbanks, which comes from when the Big Cypress School and Fairbanks High School combined in the 1930s to form Cy-Fair High School and the Cypress-Fairbanks Independent School District.[3] In March 2008, the Cypress Historical Society (CHS) was formed as a non-profit corporation with its primary mission being " discover, educate, promote, collect, preserve and make available to the public, historical documents and artifacts of the Cypress area".[5] The CHS organization holds regular events aimed at exposing Cypress' residents to the historical and cultural foundation upon which the area was built.

Geography edit

Cypress is located near the intersection of US Highway 290 and Spring-Cypress Road. Cypress is located within the Cypress Creek and Little Cypress Creek watershed. There are no official boundary lines for the exact area, but roads commonly mentioned to bound the area include FM 529 road as the southern border, HWY 6 and FM 1960 as the eastern border, and HWY 249 as the northern border.

Cypress has two distinct geographic profiles separated by Highway 290. The area northeast of US 290 is forested and thickly wooded, while the area southwest of 290 is predominately ranch land and grassy prairie dotted with scrub brush, Live oaks and Post oaks.

Cypress falls under the jurisdiction of Harris County Precincts 4 and 5 (separated by Cypress Creek).

Several of the subdivisions are built around man made lakes.

Major arteries include Highway 290 to the South and State Highway 249 to the east.

Climate edit

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cypress has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[6]

Due to its close proximity to the gulf coast, Cypress is occasionally hit by landfalling tropical storms and hurricanes; the most significant storms to impact the area in recent history have been Hurricane Alicia in 1983, Hurricane Ike in 2008, and Hurricane Harvey in 2017.[7][8][9] According to Risk Factor, for the next 30 years, Cypress has a minor risk of flooding, meaning that it is probable that flooding may impact the every day life in the area. 20% of all the properties in Cypress have a greater than 26% chance of being severely flooded over the next three decades.[10]

Demographics edit

Blackhorse Ranch is a golf course community in Cypress

As of the 2010 US Census, there were approximately 122,803 people, 39,705 households, and 32,762 families living in the zip codes labeled as Cypress. There were 41,761 housing units for a total occupancy rate of 95.1% at an average density of 1,357.6 per square mile (524.2/km2).[11]

According to the 2020 American Community Survey, the Cypress zip code with the lowest median household income is 77040, with $60,572, and the zip code with the highest is 77433, with $112,167.[12] In addition to that, 12.1% of the population lives below the poverty level. 74.47% of employees in Cypress work for private companies, 11.47% are governmental workers, and 9.21% are self employed. Furthermore, 49.81% of households in Cypress has children.[13]

In Cypress, the racial makeup of Cypress was 44.4% of the population being Hispanic/Latino.

White, non-Hispanic residents make up 27.7% of the Cypress population. Black/African-American people make up 20.3%, Asians make up 7.4%, Native American and Alaska Native people make up 1.1%, and Pacific Islanders make up 0.1%. 2.0% of residents are mixed with two or more races.[14]

97% of all K-12 students in Cypress attend public school. In Cypress's public school district, the Cypress-Fairbanks School District, 54.8% of students were economically disadvantaged as of 2021.[15] Public schools in Cypress have 65% as their reading proficiency score (which is higher compared to the statewide average, which is 47%) and 69% being their average math proficiency score (which is higher compared to the public school average of 51% for the whole state).[16]

Healthcare edit

There are two major hospitals in the Cypress area: HCA Houston Healthcare North Cypress (formerly North Cypress Medical Center), and Memorial Hermann Cypress Hospital.[17][18]

Harris Health System (the county's public hospital system) operates the Cypress Health Center.[19] Prior to the clinic's opening, the designated public health center was the Acres Homes Health Center. The designated public hospital is Lyndon B. Johnson Hospital in Northeast Houston.[20]

Government and infrastructure edit

The area of Cypress is served by two professional fire departments, Cy-Fair Fire Department and Cypress Creek FD.[21] It is also assisted by the city of Jersey Village in its fire suppression activities.

The United States Postal Service operates the Cypress Post Office at 16635 Spring Cypress Road.[22]

Law enforcement for the Cypress area is provided by the Harris County Constable Precinct 4 and 5 and the Harris County Sheriff's Office.

Economy edit

In 2010, Sysco announced that it purchased the former Hewlett-Packard call center along U.S. Highway 290 in Cypress and that it would establish a shared services facility for its distribution centers in North America.[23]

Education edit

Cy-Fair High School

Primary and secondary schools edit

Public schools edit

Cypress is served by Cypress-Fairbanks Independent School District, the third largest school district in the State of Texas and one of the fastest growing in the United States. CFISD serves nearly 107,000 students as of 2010.[24]

Cypress-Fairbanks ISD high school students attend Cy-Fair High School, Cypress Lakes High School, Jersey Village High School, Cypress Creek High School, Cypress Falls High School, Cypress Woods High School, Cypress Springs High School, Langham Creek High School, Cypress Ridge High School, Cypress Ranch High School, Cypress Park High School and Bridgeland High School.

Windfern High School offers an alternative path toward graduation for accepted students from the above high school attendance zones.

Private schools edit

St. Elizabeth Ann Seton School, a K-8 Roman Catholic school operated by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston, is in close proximity to Cypress.

Cypress Christian School, a K–12 private school, is located in the area.[25]

Covenant Academy operates as a K-12 Classical Christian School.[26]

The Oaks Adventist Christian School is in Cypress.

The closest Catholic high schools are Frassati Catholic High School in north Harris County, in the Spring area;[27] and Saint John XXIII High School (formerly Pope John XXIII High School) in western Harris County, within Greater Katy.[28] In addition St. Thomas High School, an all boys' high school in central Houston, has a bus service from and to Christ the Redeemer Catholic School.[29]

Silverline Montessori School is a private Montessori school in Cypress.[30]

Colleges and universities edit

Lone Star College (originally the North Harris Montgomery Community College District) serves the community. The territory in Cypress-Fairbanks ISD joined the community college district in 2000.[31] Cypress is home of the Lone Star College–CyFair campus.

Public libraries edit

Harris County Public Library (HCPL) operates public libraries in the Cypress area.

LSC-Cyfair Library, a partner effort between HCPL and Lone Star College System, is located at 9191 Barker-Cypress Road on the Lone Star College–CyFair campus.[32] The Northwest Branch Library is located at 11355 Regency Green Drive.[33]

Notable people edit

References edit

  1. ^ Boyd, Mikah (March 23, 2022). "Census data for the Cy-Fair area reveals population growth, older median age". Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  2. ^ "First Cypress historical marker recognizes history of development". Unincorporated community Impact Newspaper. Archived from the original on August 21, 2013. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
  3. ^ a b "CYPRESS, TX (HARRIS COUNTY)". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). Retrieved July 19, 2014.
  4. ^ "Matthew Burnett Homesite" (Historical marker). Marker 10623. Texas Historical Commission. Retrieved July 19, 2014.
  5. ^ "CYPRESS HISTORICAL SOCIETY". Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  6. ^ "Cypress, Texas Koppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  7. ^ Reveal, Neena Satija, The Texas Tribune and (August 31, 2017). "This Houston suburb is a magnet for growth and flooding. That's not a coincidence". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved December 29, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ "Hurricane Ike 2008". Retrieved December 29, 2022.
  9. ^ Barker, Aaron (August 15, 2018). "Remembering Hurricane Alicia". KPRC. Retrieved December 29, 2022.
  10. ^ "Cypress, Texas Flood Factor®". Risk Factor. Retrieved December 29, 2022.
  11. ^ Bureau, US Census. "". Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  12. ^ Boyd, Mikah (March 23, 2022). "Census data for the Cy-Fair area reveals population growth, older median age". impact. Retrieved December 29, 2022.
  13. ^ "Cypress, TX Household Income, Population & Demographics | Point2". Retrieved December 29, 2022.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Harris County, Texas". Retrieved December 29, 2022.
  15. ^ Lloyd, Danica (August 24, 2021). "DISTRICT SNAPSHOT: See what Cy-Fair ISD's demographics, enrollment looked like in the 2020-21 school year". impact. Retrieved December 29, 2022.
  16. ^ "Top 10 Best Cypress, TX Public Schools (2022-23)". Retrieved December 29, 2022.
  17. ^ "Houston's Memorial Hermann to build 80-bed Cypress hospital." Houston Chronicle. Retrieved October 4, 2014.
  18. ^ "HCA Gulf Coast Buys another Houston Hospital for $148M, names new CEO". Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  19. ^ "Cypress Health Center". Harris Health System. Retrieved April 8, 2021. Cypress Health Center 12340 Jones Road, Ste. 100 Houston, TX 77070
  20. ^ "Clinic/Emergency/Registration Center Directory By ZIP Code". Harris County Hospital District. November 19, 2001. Archived from the original on November 19, 2001. Retrieved April 8, 2021. - See ZIP code 77070. See this map for relevant ZIP codes.
  21. ^ "Welcome to Harris County ESD 13 Cypress Creek Fire Department". Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  22. ^ "Post Office Location - CYPRESS Archived 2009-02-17 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 4, 2008.
  23. ^ Stauffer, Kimberly. "Sysco Corporation plans to open new facility in Cypress Archived 2010-11-09 at the Wayback Machine." Community Impact Newspaper (JG Media, Inc.) Friday March 5, 2010. Retrieved on April 23, 2010. "Sysco Corporation has purchased the former Hewlett-Packard call center at 24500 Hwy. 290 in Cypress to create a shared services facility for its North American distribution centers."
  24. ^ "About CFISD - 30-year Enrollment". Archived from the original on February 4, 2009. Retrieved February 14, 2009.. Cypress-Fairbanks Independent School District. Last accessed November 16, 2011.
  25. ^ "School Profile Archived 2016-09-23 at the Wayback Machine." Cypress Christian School. Retrieved on November 6, 2010.
  26. ^ "The Connection School – A K-12 Christian Classical School". Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  27. ^ Dominguez, Catherine (August 29, 2012). "New Catholic high school breaks ground". Houston Chronicle. The Spring Observer. Retrieved March 25, 2017. - Specifies Cypress as being in the school's service area.
  28. ^ "Pope John XXIII High golfers take second place". Houston Chronicle. The Katy Rancher. November 4, 2013. Retrieved March 25, 2017. - Specifies Cypress as being in the school's service area.
  29. ^ "Transportation". St. Thomas High School. Retrieved October 25, 2019.
  30. ^ "Silverline Montessori School Cypress & Pearland TX - 3 Montessori Schools Near You". Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  31. ^ "History." North Harris Montgomery Community College District. December 22, 2002. Retrieved on April 5, 2010.
  32. ^ "LSC-Cy-Fair Library Archived 2008-11-13 at the Wayback Machine." Harris County Public Library. Retrieved on February 15, 2009.
  33. ^ "Northwest Branch Library Archived 2008-05-17 at the Wayback Machine." Harris County Public Library. Retrieved on February 15, 2009.
  34. ^ a b "People from Cypress, Texas - list". Retrieved December 29, 2022.
  35. ^ "Cammile Adams". USA Swimming. Archived from the original on August 2, 2014.
  36. ^ "Jonathan Horton". USA Gymnastics.
  37. ^ Wachter, Paul (October 31, 2016). "Fred Whitfield and the Black Cowboys of Rodeo". Andscape.

External links edit