The Culloden Tower was built as a parkland ornament or folly in about 1746 on the estate of John Yorke MP, at Richmond, North Yorkshire. It was built on the site of an earlier pele tower, the remains of which possibly form the rectangular base. It is also known as The Temple or The Cumberland Temple, in celebration of the victorious Duke of Cumberland's army over the forces of the pretender Prince Charles Edward Stuart at the battle of Culloden in 1746.
The tower was most probably designed by Daniel Garrett and comprises four storeys and a roof terrace linked by a small spiral staircase. The estate, comprising Yorke House, was demolished in 1823, and the remaining buildings and parklands, including the tower, became part of Temple View. The isolated position of the tower meant that it was used less and less, and was increasingly subject to vandalism and theft.
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