Cross Street Chapel
Cross Street Chapel is a Unitarian church in central Manchester, England. It is a member of the General Assembly of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches, the umbrella organisation for British Unitarians. Its present minister is Cody Coyne.
The Act of Uniformity 1662 imposed state control on religion by regulating the style of worship in the Church of England. However, many clergy rejected the restrictions, and of the 2000 ministers who were ejected from the established church, Henry Newcome established his own congregation that same year. The "Dissenters' Meeting House" was opened in 1694 and holds a special place in the growth of nonconformism within the city.
In 2012, the chapel became the first place of worship to be granted a civil partnership licence when the law changed in England. During the construction of Manchester Metrolink's second city crossing in the City Zone, 270 bodies from what used to be the chapel's graveyard had to be exhumed and reburied. The work took place from 2014–17.
The building was renamed the Cross Street Chapel and became a Unitarian meeting-house c.1761. It was wrecked by a Jacobite mob in 1715, rebuilt and destroyed during a World War II air raid in December 1940. A new building was constructed in 1959 and the present structure dates from 1997. The Gaskell Room of the new building houses a collection of memorabilia of novelist Elizabeth Gaskell.
Notable ministry and congregationEdit
Urban historian Harold L. Platt notes that in the Victorian period "The importance of membership in this Unitarian congregation cannot be overstated: as the fountainhead of Manchester Liberalism it exerted tremendous influence on the city and the nation for a generation."
List of ministersEdit
- Henry Newcome 1662–1695
- John Chorlton 1687–1707
- James Coningham 1700–1712
- Eliezer Birch 1710–1717
- Joseph Mottershead 1717–1771
- Joshua Jones 1725–1740
- John Seddon 1741–1769
- Robert Gore 1770–1779
- Ralph Harrison 1771–1810
- Thomas Barnes 1780–1810
- John Grundy 1811–1824
- John Gooch Robberds 1811–1854
- John Hugh Worthington 1825–1827
- William Gaskell 1828–1884
- James Panton Ham 1855–1859
- James Drummond 1860–1869
- Samuel Alfred Steinthall 1870–1893
- Edwin Pinder Barrow 1893–1911
- Emanuel L.H. Thomas 1912–1917
- H. Harrold Johnson 1919–1928
- Charles W. Townsend 1929–1942
- F.H. Amphlett Micklewright 1943–1949
- Fred Kenworthy 1950–1955
- Reginald W. Wilde 1955–1959
- Charles H. Bartlett 1960–1967
- Kenneth B. Ridgway 1969–1971
- E.J. Raymond Cook 1972–1987
- Denise Boyd 1988–1996
- John A. Midgley 1997–2008
- Jane Barraclough 2008–2014
- Cody Coyne 2014–present
- Find a Congregation: Manchester Cross Street, The General Assembly of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches (Great Britain), retrieved 23 January 2011
- "Manchester Cross Street Chapel gains civil partnership licence". BBC News. 9 March 2012.
- Cox, Charlotte (21 January 2017). "The last of the 270 bodies found beneath Metrolink's city crossing have been once again laid to rest". Manchester Evening News.
- Shercliff WH Manchester: A Short History of its Development, Municipal Information Bureau, Town Hall, Manchester (1960)
- Platt, Harold L. (2005). Shock Cities: The Environmental Transformation and Reform of Manchester and Chicago. University of Chicago Press. p. 64. ISBN 9780226670768.
- Hotz, Mary Elizabeth (Summer 2000). ""Taught by death what life should be": Elizabeth Gaskell's representation of death in "North and South"". Studies in the Novel. 32 (2): 165–184. JSTOR 29533389.(subscription required)