Cross-country skiing at the 1988 Winter Paralympics

Cross-country skiing at the 1988 Winter Paralympics consisted of 38 events, 23 for men and 15 for women.

Cross-country skiing
at the IV Paralympic Winter Games
Cross-country skiing - Paralympic pictogram.svg
1984
1992

Medal tableEdit

[1]

Rank Nation       Total
1   Norway (NOR) 14 11 4 29
2   Finland (FIN) 8 7 7 22
3   Canada (CAN) 4 0 1 5
4   Switzerland (SUI) 3 2 3 8
5   West Germany (FRG) 2 6 4 12
6   France (FRA) 2 1 1 4
7   Austria (AUT) 1 3 4 8
8   Sweden (SWE) 1 3 2 6
9   Poland (POL) 1 1 3 5
10   Italy (ITA) 1 0 2 3
11   United States (USA) 1 0 1 2
12   Spain (ESP) 0 2 0 2
13   Soviet Union (URS) 0 0 2 2
Total 38 36 34 108

Medal summaryEdit

The competition events were:

  • 2.5 km: - women
  • 5 km: men - women
  • 10 km: men - women
  • 15 km: men
  • 20 km: men
  • 30 km: men
  • 3x2.5 km relay: men
  • 3x5 km relay: - women
  • 4x5 km relay: men
  • 4x10 km relay: men

Each event had separate standing, sitting, or visually impaired classifications:

  • LW2 - standing: single leg amputation above the knee
  • LW 3 - standing: double leg amputation below the knee, mild cerebral palsy, or equivalent impairment
  • LW4 - standing: single leg amputation below the knee
  • LW5/7 - standing: double arm amputation
  • LW6/8 - standing: single arm amputation
  • LW9 - standing: amputation or equivalent impairment of one arm and one leg
  • Gr I - sitting: paraplegia with no or some upper abdominal function and no functional sitting balance
  • Gr II - sitting: paraplegia with fair functional sitting balance
  • B1 - visually impaired: no functional vision
  • B2 - visually impaired: up to ca 3-5% functional vision

Men's eventsEdit

Event Class Gold Silver Bronze
5 km - short distance Grade I
details
Heinz Frei
  Switzerland
Adolf Stuber
  West Germany
Guenther Lercher
  West Germany
Grade II
details
Knut Lundstroem
  Norway
Erik Sandbraaten
  Norway
Michael Weymann
  West Germany
LW2
details
Christoph Andres
  Switzerland
Pertti Sankilampi
  Finland
Samuli Kaemi
  Finland
LW3/9
details
Terje Gruer
  Norway
Miguel Angel Perez Tello
  Spain
Jan Kolodziej
  Poland
LW4
details
Kalervo Pieksaemaeki
  Finland
Svein Lilleberg
  Norway
Svein Tore Fauskrud
  Norway
LW5/7
details
Pierre Delaval
  France
Marcin Kos
  Poland
Pauli Moelsae
  Finland
10 km - short distance LW6/8
details
Kimmo Kettunen
  Finland
Jouko Grip
  Finland
Jean-Yves Arvier
  France
10 km - long distance Grade I
details
Terje Johansen
  Norway
Adolf Stuber
  West Germany
Heinz Frei
  Switzerland
Grade II
details
Knut Lundstroem
  Norway
Walter Widmer
  Switzerland
Erik Sandbraaten
  Norway
LW2
details
Christoph Andres
  Switzerland
Viggo Norseth
  Norway
Pertti Sankilampi
  Finland
LW3/9
details
Terje Gruer
  Norway
Miguel Angel Perez Tello
  Spain
Jan Kolodziej
  Poland
15 km - short distance B1
details
Hans Anton Aalien
  Norway
Asmund Tveit
  Norway
Ake Pettersson
  Sweden
B2
details
Frank Hoefle
  West Germany
Terje Loevaas
  Norway
Bertil Tegelund
  Sweden
B3
details
Robert Walsh
  United States
Max Stalnacke
  Sweden
Paolo Lorenzini
  Italy
15 km - long distance LW4
details
Kalervo Pieksaemaeki
  Finland
Svein Lilleberg
  Norway
Svein Tore Fauskrud
  Norway
LW5/7
details
Marcin Kos
  Poland
Pierre Delaval
  France
Jerzy Szlezak
  Poland
20 km - long distance LW6/8
details
Jean-Yves Arvier
  France
Jouko Grip
  Finland
Kimmo Kettunen
  Finland
30 km - long distance B1
details
Ake Pettersson
  Sweden
Hans Anton Aalien
  Norway
Asmund Tveit
  Norway
B2
details
Frank Hoefle
  West Germany
Terje Loevaas
  Norway
Ismo Alanko
  Finland
B3
details
Paolo Lorenzini
  Italy
Max Stalnacke
  Sweden
Joe Walsh
  United States
3x2.5 km relay Grade I-II
details
  Norway (NOR)
Terje Johansen
Knut Lundstroem
Erik Sandbraaten
  Switzerland (SUI)
Walter Baertschi
Heinz Frei
Walter Widmer
  West Germany (FRG)
Guenther Lercher
Adolf Stuber
Michael Weymann
4x5 km relay LW2-9
details
  Norway (NOR)
Svein Tore Fauskrud
Terje Gruer
Svein Lilleberg
Viggo Norseth
  Finland (FIN)
Jouko Grip
Kimmo Kettunen
Kalervo Pieksaemaeki
Pertti Sankilampi
  West Germany (FRG)
Roland Gaess
Martin Haag
Wolfgang Mahler
Reinhold Schwer
4x10 km relay B1-3
details
  Norway (NOR)
Hans Anton Aalien
Arild Hovslien
Terje Loevaas
Asmund Tveit
  Sweden (SWE)
Eskil Hoeglund
Ake Pettersson
Max Stalnacke
Bertil Tegelund
  Italy (ITA)
Paolo Lorenzini
Riccardo Tomasini
Hubert Tscholl
Erich Walch

Women's eventsEdit

Event Class Gold Silver Bronze
2.5 km - short distance Grade I
details
Kirsti Hooeen
  Norway
Waltraud Hagenlocher
  West Germany
None
Grade II
details
Ragnhild Myklebust
  Norway
Sylva Olsen
  Norway
Hildegard Fetz
  Austria
5 km - short distance B1
details
Veronika Preining
  Austria
Kirsti Pennanen
  Finland
Valentina Grigoryeva
  Soviet Union
B2
details
Sandra Lecour
  Canada
Renata Hoenisch
  Austria
Marian Susitz
  Austria
B3
details
Miia Ryynaenen
  Finland
Sissel Soerensen
  Norway
Tarja Hovinen
  Finland
LW3/4/9
details
Francine Lemire
  Canada
Anneliese Tenzler
  West Germany
Monika Waelti
  Switzerland
LW6/8
details
Tanja Tervonen
  Finland
None None
5 km - long distance Grade I
details
Kirsti Hooeen
  Norway
Waltraud Hagenlocher
  West Germany
None
Grade II
details
Ragnhild Myklebust
  Norway
Sylva Olsen
  Norway
Hildegard Fetz
  Austria
10 km - long distance B1
details
Kirsti Pennanen
  Finland
Veronika Preining
  Austria
Valentina Grigoryeva
  Soviet Union
B2
details
Sandra Lecour
  Canada
Kyllikki Luhtapuro
  Finland
Renata Hoenisch
  Austria
B3
details
Sissel Soerensen
  Norway
Tarja Hovinen
  Finland
Miia Ryynaenen
  Finland
LW3/4/9
details
Francine Lemire
  Canada
Anneliese Tenzler
  West Germany
Monika Waelti
  Switzerland
LW6/8
details
Tanja Tervonen
  Finland
None None
3x5 km relay B1-3
details
  Finland (FIN)
Tarja Hovinen
Kirsti Pennanen
Miia Ryynaenen
  Austria (AUT)
Renata Hoenisch
Veronika Preining
Marian Susitz
  Canada (CAN)
Sandra Lecour
Tricia Lovegrove
Kim Umback

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "IPC Historical Results Database". International Paralympic Committee (IPC). 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-20.
    • The information from the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) website is based on sources which does not present all information from earlier Paralympic Games (1960-1984), such as relay and team members.[1] (Per nov.20, 2010)
  • "Innsbruck 1988". paralympia.de. 2010. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2010-11-20.
  • Historical Medallists : Vancouver 2010 Winter Paralympics, Official website of the 2010 Winter Paralympics
  • Winter Sport Classification, Canadian Paralympic Committee