Crommyon

Crommyon or Krommyon (Ancient Greek: Κρομμυών),[1][2][3] or Cromyon[4] or Kromyon (Κρομυών),[5] or Cremmyon[6] or Kremmyon (Κρεμμυών),[7][8] was a small town of ancient Corinthia on the Saronic Gulf, but originally the last town of Megaris. It was the chief place between the isthmus, properly so called, and Megara; whence the whole of this coast was called the Crommyonia (ἡ Κρομμυωνία).[3] Crommyon was distant 120 stadia from Corinth,[1] and therefore occupied the site of the ruins near the chapel of Ag. Theodori (St. Theodorus).[9][10] Crommyon is said by Pausanias to have derived its name from Crommus, the son of Poseidon. It is celebrated in mythology as the haunt of the Crommyonian Sow destroyed by Theseus.[5][3][11][4] It was taken by the Lacedaemonians in the Corinthian War, but was recovered by Iphicrates.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Thucydides. History of the Peloponnesian War. 4.45.
  2. ^ a b Xenophon. Hellenica. 4.4.13, 4.5.19.
  3. ^ a b c Strabo. Geographica. viii. p. 380. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  4. ^ a b Ovid Metamorphoses 7.435.
  5. ^ a b Pausanias. Description of Greece. 2.1.3.
  6. ^ Pliny. Naturalis Historia. 4.7.11.
  7. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. s.v.
  8. ^ Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax
  9. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 58, and directory notes accompanying.
  10. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  11. ^ Plutarch Thes. 9.

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Crommyon". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Coordinates: 37°55′39″N 23°08′29″E / 37.92753°N 23.14146°E / 37.92753; 23.14146