Couroupita is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lecythidaceae first described as a genus in 1775.[2][3] It is native to tropical South America and Central America.[1]

Naglingam (Couroupita guianensis) flower in Hyderabad, AP W IMG 6609.jpg
Couroupita guianensis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Lecythidaceae
Subfamily: Lecythidoideae
Genus: Couroupita
  • Pontopidana Scop.
  • Pekea Juss. 1789, illegitimate homonym, not Aubl. 1775. (syn of Caryocar in Caryocaraceae)
  • Elsholtzia Neck. 1790 illegitimate homonym, not Willd. 1790 (Lamiaceae)
  1. Couroupita guianensis - Cannonball tree -Guyana, Colombia, Ecuador east to Amapá and south to Bolivia; naturalized in the West Indies as well as in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Andaman & Nicobar
  2. Couroupita nicaraguarensis – Bala de cañón, coco de mono, paraíso, zapote de mico, or zapote de mono -Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Honduras, Panama
  3. Couroupita subsessilis - northern Brazil, northern Peru


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